National Cancer Institute Thesaurus

Last uploaded: October 28, 2019
Preferred Name

Alcohol

Synonyms

Alcohol

Methylcarbinol

Ethanol

ETHANOL

Absolute ethanol

alcohol

Absolute Ethanol

Ethyl Alcohol

ALCOHOL

Definitions

A volatile liquid prepared by fermentation of certain carbohydrates. Alcohol acts as a central nervous system (CNS) depressant, a diuretic, and a disinfectant. Although the exact mechanism of CNS depression is unknown, alcohol may act by inhibiting the opening of calcium channels, mediated by the binding of the inhibitory neurotransmitter gamma-amino butyric acid (GABA) to GABA-A receptors, or through inhibitory actions at N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA)-type glutamate receptors. Alcohol inhibits the production of antidiuretic hormone, thereby producing diuresis that may lead to dehydration. This agent kills organisms by denaturing their proteins.

ID

http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C2190

ALT_DEFINITION

A chemical substance found in beer, wine, and liquor, and some medicines, mouthwashes, household products, and essential oils (scented liquid taken from plants). Alcohol contains a carbon atom attached to a hydroxyl group (a molecule made of an oxygen atom and a hydrogen atom).

CAS_Registry

64-17-5

8000-16-6

CHEBI_ID

CHEBI:16236

Chemical_Formula

C2H6O

code

C2190

Concept_In_Subset

http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C116977

http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C63923

http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C116978

Contributing_Source

CTRP

FDA

DEFINITION

A volatile liquid prepared by fermentation of certain carbohydrates. Alcohol acts as a central nervous system (CNS) depressant, a diuretic, and a disinfectant. Although the exact mechanism of CNS depression is unknown, alcohol may act by inhibiting the opening of calcium channels, mediated by the binding of the inhibitory neurotransmitter gamma-amino butyric acid (GABA) to GABA-A receptors, or through inhibitory actions at N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA)-type glutamate receptors. Alcohol inhibits the production of antidiuretic hormone, thereby producing diuresis that may lead to dehydration. This agent kills organisms by denaturing their proteins.

Display_Name

Alcohol

FDA_UNII_Code

3K9958V90M

FULL_SYN

Alcohol

Methylcarbinol

Ethanol

ETHANOL

Absolute ethanol

alcohol

Absolute Ethanol

Ethyl Alcohol

ALCOHOL

label

Alcohol

Legacy_Concept_Name

Alcohol

NSC_Code

85228

PDQ_Closed_Trial_Search_ID

446576

PDQ_Open_Trial_Search_ID

446576

Preferred_Name

Alcohol

prefixIRI

ncit:C2190

Semantic_Type

Pharmacologic Substance

Organic Chemical

UMLS_CUI

C0001962

subClassOf

http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C29756

http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C218

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http://neomark.owl#alcohol NEOMARK4 LOOM
http://www.gamuts.net/entity#alcohol GAMUTS LOOM
http://www.bioontology.org/pma.owl#PMA_536 PMA LOOM
http://scai.fraunhofer.de/AlzheimerOntology#alcohol ADO LOOM
http://www.pepathway.org/peo/1.2#alcohol PE-O LOOM
http://purl.org/obo/owl/CHEBI#CHEBI_30879 NPO LOOM
http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/CSP/0081-1009 CRISP LOOM
http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/LNC/LP20735-4 LOINC LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/DDO.owl#DDO_0005075 DDO LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/DDO.owl#DDO_0005075 DMTO LOOM
http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/VANDF/4017424 VANDF LOOM
http://www.semanticweb.org/席婷/ontologies/2019/3/untitled-ontology-62#Alcohol PCALION LOOM
http://www.co-ode.org/ontologies/galen#Alcohol GALEN LOOM
http://www.projecthalo.com/aura#Alcohol AURA LOOM
http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/NDFRT/N0000145812 NDFRT LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/XCO_0000323 XCO LOOM
http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/RCD/X79AZ RCD LOOM
http://purl.jp/bio/4/id/200906058674112194 IOBC LOOM
http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C0001962 MEDLINEPLUS LOOM
http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/SNOMEDCT/53041004 SNOMEDCT LOOM
http://www.semanticweb.org/ontologies/2018/1/ProstateCancer.owl#Alcohol PCAO LOOM
http://bioontology.org/projects/ontologies/birnlex#birnlex_3075 BIRNLEX LOOM
http://www.pepathway.org/peo/1.2#alcohol_molecule PE-O LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/SIBO_0000478 SIBO LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/TXPO_0000924 TXPO LOOM
http://uri.neuinfo.org/nif/nifstd/birnlex_3075_2 NIFSTD LOOM
http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/PDQ/CDR0000446576 PDQ LOOM
http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/LNC/LA28139-6 LOINC LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CHEBI_30879 ODNAE LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CHEBI_30879 PHIPO LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CHEBI_30879 BIOMODELS LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CHEBI_30879 GO-PLUS LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CHEBI_30879 OBIB LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CHEBI_30879 ENM LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CHEBI_30879 RXNO LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CHEBI_30879 OCMR LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CHEBI_30879 FYPO LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CHEBI_30879 ENVO LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CHEBI_30879 CHEBI LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CHEBI_30879 DRON LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CHEBI_30879 FYPO LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CHEBI_30879 GENEPIO LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CHEBI_30879 MCO LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CHEBI_30879 ECOCORE LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CHEBI_30879 NBO LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CHEBI_30879 GSSO LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CHEBI_30879 PECO LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CHEBI_30879 UPHENO LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CHEBI_30879 ZP LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CHEBI_30879 HINO LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CHEBI_30879 NIFSTD LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CHEBI_30879 GSSO LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CHEBI_30879 OBA LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CHEBI_30879 SP LOOM
http://semanticscience.org/sadi/ontology/leo.owl#Alcohol LIPRO LOOM