Human Phenotype Ontology

Last uploaded: June 3, 2019
Preferred Name

Myocarditis

Synonyms

Inflammation of heart muscle

Definitions

Inflammation of the myocardium. Myocarditis can be caused by a variety of bacterial and viral infections. Enteroviruses, especially coxsackievirus B, are often associated with acute myocarditis. However, with the advent of genetic analysis, adenovirus and parvovirus B19 have also been found to be frequent causes of myocarditis. Exposure to drug treatment, physical stimuli such as radiation and heat, metabolic disorders, immune disorders, and pregnancy are also causes of myocarditis. Many cases of myocarditis are idiopathic. Myocarditis presents with non-specific symptoms including chest pain, dyspnoea, and palpitations, and thus often mimics more common disorders such as coronary artery disease. In some patients, cardiac MRI and endomyocardial biopsy can help identify myocarditis, predict risk of cardiovascular events, and guide treatment.

ID

http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/HP_0012819

comment

Myocarditis can be caused by a variety of bacterial and viral infections. Enteroviruses, especially coxsackievirus B, are often associated with acute myocarditis. However, with the advent of genetic analysis, adenovirus and parvovirus B19 have also been found to be frequent causes of myocarditis. Exposure to drug treatment, physical stimuli such as radiation and heat, metabolic disorders, immune disorders, and pregnancy are also causes of myocarditis. Many cases of myocarditis are idiopathic. Myocarditis presents with non-specific symptoms including chest pain, dyspnoea, and palpitations, and thus often mimics more common disorders such as coronary artery disease. In some patients, cardiac MRI and endomyocardial biopsy can help identify myocarditis, predict risk of cardiovascular events, and guide treatment.

created_by

hecht

creation_date

2014-05-28T09:01:32Z

database_cross_reference

SNOMEDCT_US:50920009

MSH:D009205

UMLS:C0027059

definition

Inflammation of the myocardium.

has_exact_synonym

Inflammation of heart muscle

has_obo_namespace

human_phenotype

id

HP:0012819

label

Myocarditis

notation

HP:0012819

prefLabel

Myocarditis

treeView

http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/HP_0001637

subClassOf

http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/HP_0001637

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http://localhost/plosthes.2017-1#10385 PLOSTHES LOOM
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http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C34831 NCIT LOOM
http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C34831 NCIT LOOM
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