Uber Anatomy Ontology

Last uploaded: October 23, 2019
Preferred Name

thyroid gland

Synonyms

glandula thyroidea

thyroid

Definitions

A two-lobed endocrine gland found in all vertebrates, located in front of and on either side of the trachea in humans, and producing various hormones, such as triiodothyronine and calcitonin[BTO].

ID

http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0002046

capable of

http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/GO_0036161

capable of part of

http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/GO_0055074

contains process

http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/GO_0006590

database_cross_reference

EHDAA:2975

EHDAA:2148

UMLS:C0040132

galen:ThyroidGland

CALOHA:TS-1047

NCIT:C12400

AAO:0010544

EMAPA:17068

EFO:0000861

MAT:0000081

FMA:9603

EHDAA2:0002028

MESH:D013961

MIAA:0000081

EV:0100133

BTO:0001379

VHOG:0000418

OpenCyc:Mx4rvVjLT5wpEbGdrcN5Y29ycA

GAID:465

XAO:0000162

MA:0000129

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thyroid

http://linkedlifedata.com/resource/umls/id/C0040132

http://www.snomedbrowser.com/Codes/Details/181117000

definition

A two-lobed endocrine gland found in all vertebrates, located in front of and on either side of the trachea in humans, and producing various hormones, such as triiodothyronine and calcitonin[BTO].

depicted by

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/a3/Illu_thyroid_parathyroid.jpg

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/c6/Illu_endocrine_system.jpg

develops_from

http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0007689

external_definition

Either of paired structures located in the throat which develop from the ventral wall of the pharynx and excretes hormones involved in the morphological and functional changes during metamorphosis as well as influencing other tissues.[AAO]

has_exact_synonym

thyroid

has_obo_namespace

uberon

has_related_synonym

glandula thyroidea

homology_notes

(...) at some stage of its development, every chordate exhibits five uniquely derived characters or synapomorphies of the group: (...) (2) a groove in the pharyngeal floor known as the endostyle, or a thyroid gland derived from part of the endostyle (...).[well established][VHOG]

id

UBERON:0002046

in_subset

http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/uberon/core#uberon_slim

http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/uberon/core#organ_slim

http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/uberon/core#pheno_slim

http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/uberon/core#efo_slim

label

thyroid gland

notation

UBERON:0002046

only_in_taxon

http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/NCBITaxon_7711

prefixIRI

UBERON:0002046

prefLabel

thyroid gland

taxon_notes

In larval lampreys, the thyroid originates as an exocrine gland, secreting its hormones into the gut, and associated with the larva's filter-feeding apparatus. In the adult lamprey, the gland separates from the gut, and becomes endocrine, but this path of development may reflect the evolutionary origin of the thyroid. For instance, the closest living relatives of vertebrates, the tunicates and Amphioxus, have a structure very similar to that of larval lampreys, and this also secretes iodine-containing compounds (albeit not thyroxine)

In tetrapods, the thyroid is always found somewhere in the neck region. In most tetrapod species, there are two paired thyroid glands - that is, the right and left lobes are not joined together. However, there is only ever a single thyroid gland in most mammals, and the shape found in humans is common to many other species

In fish, it is usually located below the gills and is not always divided into distinct lobes. However, in some teleosts, patches of thyroid tissue are found elsewhere in the body, associated with the kidneys, spleen, heart, or eyes

transformation of

http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0007689

treeView

http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0007689

subClassOf

http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0002368

http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0010314

http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0004119

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Delete Mapping To Ontology Source
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/FMA_9603 ONTONEO LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/MA_0000129 MA LOOM
http://ontology.apa.org/apaonto/termsonlyOUT%20(5).owl#Thyroid_Gland APAONTO LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/EMAPA_17068 EMAPA LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BTO_0001379 BTO LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BTO_0001379 BTO LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BTO_0001379 DTO LOOM
https://bioportal.bioontology.org/ontologies/ICD-O-3-T/C73 ICD-O-3-T LOOM
https://bioportal.bioontology.org/ontologies/ICD-O-3-T/C73.9 ICD-O-3-T LOOM
http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/LNC/LP206648-0 LOINC LOOM
http://www.bioontology.org/pma.owl#PMA_723 PMA LOOM
http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#Thyroid_Gland SYN LOOM
http://www.co-ode.org/ontologies/galen#ThyroidGland GALEN LOOM
http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C12400 NCIT LOOM
http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C12400 NCIT LOOM
http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C12400 NCIT LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/AAO_0010544 AAO LOOM
http://id.loc.gov/authorities/subjects/sh85135163 FAST-TOPICAL LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0002046 OBI_BCGO LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0002046 OBI_BCGO SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0002046 ICO LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0002046 ICO SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0002046 DTO LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0002046 DTO SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0002046 GO-PLUS LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0002046 GO-PLUS SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0002046 OBIB LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0002046 OBIB SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0002046 PDRO LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0002046 PDRO SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0002046 CLO SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0002046 BAO LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0002046 BAO SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0002046 CCONT LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0002046 CCONT SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0002046 EFO LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0002046 EFO SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0002046 ENVO LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0002046 ENVO SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0002046 ODAE LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0002046 ODAE SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0002046 LABO LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0002046 LABO SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0002046 EFO LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0002046 EFO SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0002046 BAO LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0002046 BAO SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0002046 OBI LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0002046 OBI SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0002046 GO-PLUS LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0002046 GO-PLUS SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0002046 UPHENO LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0002046 UPHENO SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0002046 OCVDAE LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0002046 OCVDAE SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0002046 OBI_IEE LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0002046 OBI_IEE SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0002046 LABO LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0002046 LABO SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0002046 NIFSTD LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0002046 NIFSTD SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0002046 CL LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0002046 CL SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0002046 OBA LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0002046 OBA SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0002046 OAE LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0002046 OAE SAME_URI
http://phenomebrowser.net/ontologies/mesh/mesh.owl#D013961 RH-MESH LOOM
http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MESH/D013961 MESH LOOM
http://sbmi.uth.tmc.edu/ontology/ochv#12262 OCHV LOOM
http://radlex.org/RID/RID7578 RADLEX LOOM
http://purl.org/obo/owlapi/fma#FMA_9603 BIOMODELS LOOM
http://www.projecthalo.com/aura#Thyroid-Gland AURA LOOM
http://phenomebrowser.net/ontologies/mesh/mesh.owl#A06.407.900 RH-MESH LOOM
http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/RCD/7N100 RCD LOOM
http://www.semanticweb.org/pallabi.d/ontologies/2014/2/untitled-ontology-11#ThyroidGland MCCL LOOM
http://doe-generated-ontology.com/OntoAD#C0040132 ONTOAD LOOM
http://purl.jp/bio/4/id/200906070412927405 IOBC LOOM
http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/CSP/2928-4355 CRISP LOOM
http://doe-generated-ontology.com/OntoPneumo#Thyroide ONTOPNEUMO LOOM
http://purl.org/sig/ont/fma/fma9603 FMA LOOM
http://purl.org/sig/ont/fma/fma9603 ROO LOOM