Preferred Name

middle meningeal artery

Synonyms

arteria meningea media

Definitions

The middle meningeal artery is typically the third branch of the first part (retromandibular part) of the maxillary artery; one of the two terminal branches of the external carotid artery. After branching off the maxillary artery in the infratemporal fossa, it runs through the foramen spinosum to supply the dura mater and the calvaria. The middle meningeal artery is the largest of the three (paired) arteries which supply the meninges, the others being the anterior meningeal artery and the posterior meningeal artery. In approximately half of subjects it branches into an accessory meningeal artery. The middle meningeal artery runs beneath the pterion. It is vulnerable to injury at this point, where the skull is thin. Rupture of the artery may give rise to an epidural hematoma.

ID

http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0010250

branching_part_of

http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0001616

database_cross_reference

FMA:49711

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Middle_meningeal_artery

http://www.snomedbrowser.com/Codes/Details/278100005

depicted by

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/1/1e/Middle_meningeal_artery.png

has_obo_namespace

uberon

has_related_synonym

arteria meningea media

id

UBERON:0010250

label

middle meningeal artery

notation

UBERON:0010250

part_of

http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0001616

prefLabel

middle meningeal artery

textual definition

The middle meningeal artery is typically the third branch of the first part (retromandibular part) of the maxillary artery; one of the two terminal branches of the external carotid artery. After branching off the maxillary artery in the infratemporal fossa, it runs through the foramen spinosum to supply the dura mater and the calvaria. The middle meningeal artery is the largest of the three (paired) arteries which supply the meninges, the others being the anterior meningeal artery and the posterior meningeal artery. In approximately half of subjects it branches into an accessory meningeal artery. The middle meningeal artery runs beneath the pterion. It is vulnerable to injury at this point, where the skull is thin. Rupture of the artery may give rise to an epidural hematoma.

treeView

http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0001616

subClassOf

http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0010314

http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0003474

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http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/SNMI/T-45290 SNMI LOOM
http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/RCD/Xa0cR RCD LOOM
http://purl.org/sig/ont/fma/fma49711 FMA LOOM
http://www.co-ode.org/ontologies/galen#MiddleMeningealArtery GALEN LOOM
http://purl.org/obo/owlapi/fma#FMA_49711 BIOMODELS LOOM
http://radlex.org/RID/RID742 RADLEX LOOM
http://sbmi.uth.tmc.edu/ontology/ochv#C0226147 OCHV LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0010250 UBERON LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0010250 UBERON SAME_URI
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http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0010250 CCONT LOOM
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http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0010250 EFO LOOM
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http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0010250 UBERON LOOM
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http://purl.jp/bio/4/id/201106001248662493 IOBC LOOM