Preferred Name

head of femur

Synonyms

femoral head

caput femoris

femur head

capital femoral epiphysis

acetabular head

kopf des Schenkelbeins

Definitions

The hemispheric articular surface at the upper extremity of the thigh bone[Stedman, 26th ed]. The femur head is the highest part of the thigh bone. It is supported by the neck of the femur. The head is globular and forms rather more than a hemisphere, is directed upward, medialward, and a little forward, the greater part of its convexity being above and in front. Its surface is smooth, coated with cartilage in the fresh state, except over an ovoid depression, the fovea capitis femoris, which is situated a little below and behind the center of the head, and gives attachment to the ligament of head of femur. If there is a fracture of the neck of the femur, the blood supply through the ligament becomes crucial. In orthopedic surgery, the head of the femur is important because it can undergo avascular necrosis and consequent osteochondritis dissecans. The head is removed in total hip replacement surgery [WP].

ID

http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0006767

adjacent to

http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0001269

database_cross_reference

AAO:0000892

galen:FemoralHead

NCIT:C32718

MA:0003050

FMA:32851

MESH:A02.835.232.500.247.343

UMLS:C0015813

http://linkedlifedata.com/resource/umls/id/C0015813

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Femur_head

http://www.snomedbrowser.com/Codes/Details/361791000

depicted_by

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/9/97/Gray243.png

external_definition

Proximal head of the femur, which articulates with the acetabulum.[AAO]

has_exact_synonym

femoral head

acetabular head

kopf des Schenkelbeins

has_obo_namespace

uberon

has_related_synonym

caput femoris

femur head

capital femoral epiphysis

id

UBERON:0006767

in_subset

http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/uberon/core#pheno_slim

label

head of femur

notation

UBERON:0006767

part_of

http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0004412

prefLabel

head of femur

textual definition

The hemispheric articular surface at the upper extremity of the thigh bone[Stedman, 26th ed]. The femur head is the highest part of the thigh bone. It is supported by the neck of the femur. The head is globular and forms rather more than a hemisphere, is directed upward, medialward, and a little forward, the greater part of its convexity being above and in front. Its surface is smooth, coated with cartilage in the fresh state, except over an ovoid depression, the fovea capitis femoris, which is situated a little below and behind the center of the head, and gives attachment to the ligament of head of femur. If there is a fracture of the neck of the femur, the blood supply through the ligament becomes crucial. In orthopedic surgery, the head of the femur is important because it can undergo avascular necrosis and consequent osteochondritis dissecans. The head is removed in total hip replacement surgery [WP].

treeView

http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0004412

subClassOf

http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0005055

http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0004120

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