Preferred Name

sympathetic nervous system

Synonyms

sympathetic nervous system

pars sympathica divisionis autonomici systematis nervosi

sympathetic part of autonomic division of nervous system

Definitions

The sympathetic nervous system is one of the two divisions of the vertebrate autonomic nervous system (the other being the parasympathetic nervous system). The sympathetic preganglionic neurons have their cell bodies in the thoracic and lumbar regions of the spinal cord and connect to the paravertebral chain of sympathetic ganglia. Innervate heart and blood vessels, sweat glands, viscera and the adrenal medulla. Most sympathetic neurons, but not all, use noradrenaline as a post-ganglionic neurotransmitter [GO].

ID

http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0000013

contributes to morphology of

http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0002410

database_cross_reference

BTO:0001832

ZFA:0001576

VHOG:0000384

EFO:0000893

BIRNLEX:2516

EHDAA:3769

MESH:D013564

EHDAA2:0001971

GAID:710

MIAA:0000100

UMLS:C0039044

EMAPA:16985

NCIT:C12795

TAO:0001576

CALOHA:TS-2050

AAO:0010487

MA:0000225

FMA:9906

UMLS:C1269646

http://linkedlifedata.com/resource/umls/id/C0039044

http://linkedlifedata.com/resource/umls/id/C1269646

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sympathetic_nervous_system

http://www.snomedbrowser.com/Codes/Details/362484004

depicted by

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/77/Gray838.png

development_notes

has developmental contribution from NC in verteberates (https://github.com/obophenotype/uberon/wiki/The-neural-crest)

external_definition

Part of the autonomic nervous system which has opposing physiological effects of the parasympathetic nervous system. Examples include increasing the heart rate or constricting the blood vessels.[AAO]

The part of the autonomic nervous system which chiefly contains adrenergic fibres and tends to control and reduce secretions, decrease the contractility and hence the tone of smooth muscles and provoke the contraction of blood vessels. Essentially, it consists of preganglionic fibres from the thoracic and upper lumbar parts of the spinal cord. These fibres, by means of delicate rami communicantes, cross over to ganglia sited in a pair of ganglionated cords on each side of the vertebral column or to more peripheral ganglia. [Dorian_AF, Elsevier's_encyclopaedic_dictionary_of_medicine, Part_B:_Anatomy_(1988)_Amsterdam_etc.:_Elsevier][VHOG]

has_exact_synonym

sympathetic nervous system

pars sympathica divisionis autonomici systematis nervosi

sympathetic part of autonomic division of nervous system

has_obo_namespace

uberon

has_related_synonym

pars sympathica divisionis autonomici systematis nervosi

homology_notes

The autonomic nervous system is composed of three divisions: the sympathetic division, the parasympathetic division, and the enteric division. (...) In ray-finned teleost fishes, a sympathetic chain is present, and dual innervation of additional organs can be observed. A similar pattern can be found in amphibians (...). The evolution of the autonomic nervous system has been quite conservative, especially in the tetrapod lineage.[well established][VHOG]

id

UBERON:0000013

in_subset

http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/uberon/core#uberon_slim

http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/uberon/core#pheno_slim

http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/uberon/core#efo_slim

http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/uberon/core#vertebrate_core

label

sympathetic nervous system

notation

UBERON:0000013

part_of

http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0002410

prefixIRI

UBERON:UBERON_0000013

prefLabel

sympathetic nervous system

textual definition

The sympathetic nervous system is one of the two divisions of the vertebrate autonomic nervous system (the other being the parasympathetic nervous system). The sympathetic preganglionic neurons have their cell bodies in the thoracic and lumbar regions of the spinal cord and connect to the paravertebral chain of sympathetic ganglia. Innervate heart and blood vessels, sweat glands, viscera and the adrenal medulla. Most sympathetic neurons, but not all, use noradrenaline as a post-ganglionic neurotransmitter [GO].

treeView

http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0002410

subClassOf

http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0011216

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