Medical Subject Headings

Last uploaded: November 18, 2019
Preferred Name

Islets of Langerhans

Synonyms

Endocrine Pancreas

Definitions

Irregular microscopic structures consisting of cords of endocrine cells that are scattered throughout the PANCREAS among the exocrine acini. Each islet is surrounded by connective tissue fibers and penetrated by a network of capillaries. There are four major cell types. The most abundant beta cells (50-80%) secrete INSULIN. Alpha cells (5-20%) secrete GLUCAGON. PP cells (10-35%) secrete PANCREATIC POLYPEPTIDE. Delta cells (~5%) secrete SOMATOSTATIN.

ID

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MESH/D007515

altLabel

Endocrine Pancreas

Islands of Langerhans

Islet, Pancreatic

Islets, Pancreatic

Cell, Islet

Langerhans Islets

Pancreas, Endocrine

Islet Cell

Pancreatic Islet

Pancreatic Islets

Nesidioblast

Langerhans Islands

Nesidioblasts

Islet Cells

Cells, Islet

AN

do not confuse with LANGERHANS CELLS (skin); neoplasms = ADENOMA, ISLET CELL or CARCINOMA, ISLET CELL or their specifics

AQL

AB AH BS CH CY DE DG EM EN GD IM IN IR ME MI PA PH PP PS RE SU UL VI

cui

C0022131

DC

1

definition

Irregular microscopic structures consisting of cords of endocrine cells that are scattered throughout the PANCREAS among the exocrine acini. Each islet is surrounded by connective tissue fibers and penetrated by a network of capillaries. There are four major cell types. The most abundant beta cells (50-80%) secrete INSULIN. Alpha cells (5-20%) secrete GLUCAGON. PP cells (10-35%) secrete PANCREATIC POLYPEPTIDE. Delta cells (~5%) secrete SOMATOSTATIN.

DX

19910101

EC

transplantation:Islets of Langerhans Transplantation

HN

91; was ISLANDS OF LANGERHANS 1963-90

Inverse of AQ

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MESH/Q000737

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MESH/Q000201

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MESH/Q000503

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MESH/Q000187

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MESH/Q000002

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MESH/Q000528

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MESH/Q000166

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MESH/Q000294

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MESH/Q000254

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MESH/Q000821

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MESH/Q000382

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MESH/Q000601

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MESH/Q000648

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MESH/Q000276

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MESH/Q000502

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MESH/Q000293

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MESH/Q000098

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MESH/Q000196

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MESH/Q000033

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MESH/Q000378

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MESH/Q000000981

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MESH/Q000473

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MESH/Q000469

Inverse of SIB

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MESH/D010913

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MESH/D010183

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MESH/D046790

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MESH/D010870

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MESH/D000311

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MESH/D010280

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MESH/D013961

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MESH/D010902

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MESH/D006066

Machine permutation

91; was ISLANDS OF LANGERHANS 1963-90

MDA

19990101

MMR

20180701

MN

A03.734.414

A06.300.414

notation

D007515

OL

use ISLETS OF LANGERHANS to search ISLANDS OF LANGERHANS 1966-90

prefLabel

Islets of Langerhans

TERMUI

T022595

T022597

T022594

T022596

T022598

T458454

TH

NLM (1998)

NLM (1991)

UNK (19XX)

NLM (1966)

NLM (2003)

tui

T023

subClassOf

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MESH/D004702

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MESH/D010179

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