Gene Ontology

Last uploaded: November 27, 2019
Preferred Name

synapse

Synonyms

synaptic junction

mixed synapse

electrotonic synapse

Definitions

The junction between a nerve fiber of one neuron and another neuron, muscle fiber or glial cell. As the nerve fiber approaches the synapse it enlarges into a specialized structure, the presynaptic nerve ending, which contains mitochondria and synaptic vesicles. At the tip of the nerve ending is the presynaptic membrane; facing it, and separated from it by a minute cleft (the synaptic cleft) is a specialized area of membrane on the receiving cell, known as the postsynaptic membrane. In response to the arrival of nerve impulses, the presynaptic nerve ending secretes molecules of neurotransmitters into the synaptic cleft. These diffuse across the cleft and transmit the signal to the postsynaptic membrane.

ID

http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/GO_0045202

database_cross_reference

Wikipedia:Chemical_synapse

NIF_Subcellular:sao914572699

definition

The junction between a nerve fiber of one neuron and another neuron, muscle fiber or glial cell. As the nerve fiber approaches the synapse it enlarges into a specialized structure, the presynaptic nerve ending, which contains mitochondria and synaptic vesicles. At the tip of the nerve ending is the presynaptic membrane; facing it, and separated from it by a minute cleft (the synaptic cleft) is a specialized area of membrane on the receiving cell, known as the postsynaptic membrane. In response to the arrival of nerve impulses, the presynaptic nerve ending secretes molecules of neurotransmitters into the synaptic cleft. These diffuse across the cleft and transmit the signal to the postsynaptic membrane.

has_exact_synonym

synaptic junction

has_narrow_synonym

mixed synapse

has_obo_namespace

cellular_component

has_related_synonym

electrotonic synapse

id

GO:0045202

in_subset

http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/go#goslim_pir

http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/go#goslim_mouse

http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/go#goslim_synapse

http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/go#goslim_flybase_ribbon

http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/go#goslim_agr

label

synapse

notation

GO:0045202

prefLabel

synapse

treeView

http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/GO_0110165

subClassOf

http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/GO_0110165

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http://scai.fraunhofer.de/AlzheimerOntology#Synapse ADO LOOM
http://purl.jp/bio/4/id/200906038698776815 IOBC LOOM
http://www.co-ode.org/ontologies/galen#Synapse GALEN LOOM
http://uri.neuinfo.org/nif/nifstd/sao914572699 NIFSTD LOOM
http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/CSP/2047-3201 CRISP LOOM
http://sbmi.uth.tmc.edu/ontology/ochv#C0039062 OCHV LOOM
http://purl.org/obo/owl/GO#GO_0045202 BIOMODELS LOOM
http://scai.fraunhofer.de/MSOntology#Synapse MSO LOOM
http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C13281 NCIT LOOM
http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C13281 NCIT LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PLANA_0002100 PLANA LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/GO_0045202 RETO LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/GO_0045202 RETO SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/GO_0045202 GEXO LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/GO_0045202 GEXO SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/GO_0045202 PCO LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/GO_0045202 PCO SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/GO_0045202 PLANP LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/GO_0045202 PLANP SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/GO_0045202 EFO LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/GO_0045202 EFO SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/GO_0045202 MFMO LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/GO_0045202 MFMO SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/GO_0045202 OBOREL LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/GO_0045202 OBOREL SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/GO_0045202 CCONT LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/GO_0045202 CCONT SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/GO_0045202 REXO LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/GO_0045202 REXO SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/GO_0045202 AGRO LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/GO_0045202 AGRO SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/GO_0045202 ORTH LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/GO_0045202 ORTH SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/GO_0045202 PHAGE LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/GO_0045202 PHAGE SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/GO_0045202 EFO LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/GO_0045202 EFO SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/GO_0045202 VSO LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/GO_0045202 VSO SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/GO_0045202 UPHENO LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/GO_0045202 UPHENO SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/GO_0045202 NIFDYS LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/GO_0045202 NIFDYS SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/GO_0045202 ZP LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/GO_0045202 ZP SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/GO_0045202 NIFSTD LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/GO_0045202 NIFSTD SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/GO_0045202 CL LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/GO_0045202 CL SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/GO_0045202 OBA LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/GO_0045202 OBA SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/GO_0045202 NIGO LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/GO_0045202 NIGO SAME_URI
http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/SNMI/T-A0380 SNMI LOOM
http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#Synapse SYN LOOM
http://www.projecthalo.com/aura#Synapse AURA LOOM
http://purl.org/sig/ont/fma/fma67408 FMA LOOM
http://bmkeg.isi.edu/neuDIGs#Synapse NEUDIGS LOOM
http://www.semanticweb.org/latitude_user/ontologies/2014/8/untitled-ontology-7#Synapse BRCT LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/FBbt_00005114 FB-BT LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/FBbt_00005114 FB-BT LOOM
http://purl.org/obo/owlapi/fma#FMA_67408 BIOMODELS LOOM
http://ccdb.ucsd.edu/SAO/1.2#sao914572699 SAO LOOM
http://ontology.neuinfo.org/NIF/BiomaterialEntities/NIF-Subcellular.owl#sao914572699 NIFSUBCELL LOOM