Epilepsy Syndrome Seizure Ontology

Last uploaded: November 10, 2015
Preferred Name

Temporal_Lobe

ID

http://www.semanticweb.org/rjyy/ontologies/2015/5/ESSO#Temporal_Lobe

prefLabel

Temporal_Lobe

sources

Trancred 2005 The Temporal Lobe includes areas which are important in audition (hearing), memory and innate behaviours. Structures: Collateral Sulcus Corpus Callosum Hippocampal Gyrus Inferior Temporal Gyrus Inferior Temporal Sulcus Lateral Fissure Lateral Ventricle Middle Temporal Gyrus Occipitotemporal Gyrus Parahippocampal Gyrus Parieto-occipital Sulcus Primary Auditory Area Primary Olfactory Area Superior Temporal Gyrus Superior Temporal Sulcus Transverse Temporal Gyrus Uncus Information: Boundaries: On the lateral surface the temporal lobe is bounded posteriorly by the imaginary line extending downwards from the parieto-occipital sulcus to the preoccipital notch. It is bounded superiorly by the lateral fissure and a horizontal line extending from the lateral fissure to meet the imaginary line just described. On the medial surface it is bounded posteriorly by a line extending from the splenium of the corpus callosum to the preoccipital notch. Gyri and Sulci: The lateral surface of the temporal lobe is formed by the superior, middle and inferior temporal gyri, which are separated from each other by the superior and inferior temporal sulci. The superior surface of the superior temporal gyrus, which forms the floor of the lateral fissure, is thrown into several transversely oriented folds, which are called the transverse temporal gyri (of Heschl). The inferomedial surface of the temporal lobe is formed by (from medial to lateral) the parahippocampal gyrus, the occipitotemporal gyrus and the inferior temporal gyrus. The occipitotemporal gyrus is separated from the parahippocampal gyrus by the collateral sulcus and from the inferior temporal gyrus by the occipitotemporal sulcus. The rostral part of the parahippocampal gyrus hooks backward to form a bump on its medial surface called the uncus. Above the parahippocampal gyrus (not visible from the inferior surface) is the hippocampal gyrus, which actually forms the medial wall of the inferior (temporal) horn of the lateral ventricle. Specific Functional Areas: (1) Primary Auditory Area - located on the transverse temporal gyri. (2) Primary Olfactory Area - located on the uncus.

1981 Temporal Also in Frontotemporal

subClassOf

http://www.semanticweb.org/rjyy/ontologies/2015/5/ESSO#Brain_Structure

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http://www.projecthalo.com/aura#Temporal-Lobe AURA LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/EMAPA_18797 EMAPA LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BTO_0001355 BTO LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BTO_0001355 DTO LOOM
http://scai.fraunhofer.de/AlzheimerOntology#Temporal_lobe ADO LOOM
http://phenomebrowser.net/ontologies/mesh/mesh.owl#A08.186.211.730.885.287.500.863 RH-MESH LOOM
http://www.semanticweb.org/ontologies/2009/9/Ontology1255357986125.owl#Temporal_lobe BRCT LOOM
http://ontology.apa.org/apaonto/termsonlyOUT%20(5).owl#Temporal_Lobe APAONTO LOOM
http://uri.neuinfo.org/nif/nifstd/birnlex_1160 NIFSTD LOOM
http://purl.jp/bio/4/id/200906066312590007 IOBC LOOM
http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C12353 NCIT LOOM
http://www.co-ode.org/ontologies/galen#TemporalLobe GALEN LOOM
http://localhost/plosthes.2017-1#2330 PLOSTHES LOOM
http://purl.org/sig/ont/fma/fma61825 FMA LOOM
http://purl.org/sig/ont/fma/fma61825 ROO LOOM
http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/RCD/7N001 RCD LOOM
http://sbmi.uth.tmc.edu/ontology/ochv#C0039485 OCHV LOOM
http://sbmi.uth.tmc.edu/ontology/ochv#12088 OCHV LOOM
http://radlex.org/RID/RID6476 RADLEX LOOM
http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#Temporal_Lobe SYN LOOM
http://purl.org/obo/owlapi/fma#FMA_61825 BIOMODELS LOOM
http://uri.interlex.org/fsl/uris/atlases/MNI/labels/7 NIFSTD LOOM
http://purl.org/obo/owl/FMA#FMA_61825 SDO LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/MAT_0000508 MAT LOOM
http://phenomebrowser.net/ontologies/mesh/mesh.owl#D013702 RH-MESH LOOM
http://doe-generated-ontology.com/OntoAD#C0039485 ONTOAD LOOM
http://uri.interlex.org/fsl/uris/atlases/Talairach/labels/90 NIFSTD LOOM
http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MESH/D013702 MESH LOOM
http://bioontology.org/projects/ontologies/birnlex#birnlex_1160 BIRNLEX LOOM
https://bioportal.bioontology.org/ontologies/ICD-O-3-T/C71.2 ICD-O-3-T LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0001871 GO-PLUS LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0001871 UBERON LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0001871 CCONT LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0001871 EFO LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0001871 UPHENO LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0001871 NIFSTD LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0001871 CL LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0001871 OBA LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0001871 OAE LOOM