Cell Line Ontology

Last uploaded: February 10, 2019
Preferred Name

cerebral cortex

Definitions

The thin layer of gray matter on the surface of the cerebral hemisphere that develops from the telencephalon. It consists of the neocortex (6 layered cortex or isocortex), the hippocampal formation and the olfactory cortex.

ID

http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0000956

depicted_by

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/7b/Cerebral_Cortex_location.jpg

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/9/9a/Brainmaps-macaque-hippocampus.jpg

hasDbXref

MBA:688

EMAPA:17544

FMA:61830

MESH:A08.186.211.730.885.213

BM:Tel-Cx

EV:0100166

MA:0000185

UMLS:C0007776

GAID:629

VHOG:0000722

DHBA:10159

EFO:0000328

HBA:4008

BTO:0000233

BAMS:C

MIAA:0000108

http://braininfo.rprc.washington.edu/centraldirectory.aspx?ID=39

MAT:0000108

BAMS:Cx

PBA:128011354

BAMS:CTX

CALOHA:TS-0091

BAMS:Cerebral_cortex

EHDAA:5464

EHDAA2:0000234

http://uri.neuinfo.org/nif/nifstd/birnlex_1494

http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C12443

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cerebral_cortex

http://braininfo.rprc.washington.edu/centraldirectory.aspx?ID=39

http://www.snomedbrowser.com/Codes/Details/362880003

http://linkedlifedata.com/resource/umls/id/C0007776

hasExactSynonym

cortex of cerebral hemisphere

hasOBONamespace

uberon

hasRelatedSynonym

cortex cerebralis

pallium of the brain

cortical plate (areas)

cortical plate (CTXpl)

brain cortex

cortex cerebri

id

UBERON:0000956

in_subset

http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/uberon#uberon_slim

inSubset

http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/uberon/core#uberon_slim

http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/uberon/core#pheno_slim

http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/uberon/core#efo_slim

label

cerebral cortex

prefixIRI

UBERON:0000956

prefLabel

cerebral cortex

taxon_notes

hagfishes have independently evolved a highly laminated cerebral cortex, comparable in many ways to the cerebral cortex of mammals [http://icb.oxfordjournals.org/content/42/4/743]

textual definition

The thin layer of gray matter on the surface of the cerebral hemisphere that develops from the telencephalon. It consists of the neocortex (6 layered cortex or isocortex), the hippocampal formation and the olfactory cortex.

同源_注释

Migration of neurons from the basal or striatal portions of the anterior part of the neural tube occurs to varying degrees in different vertebrate classes, but a true cerebral cortex is generally acknowledged to have made its first appearance in reptiles. The definition can be unambiguous, since 'cortex' simply implies the existence of a surface neuronal layer with an overlying 'zonal lamina' or 'molecular' layer containing dendrites and axons, which is separated from the underlying basal 'matrix' by white matter. Although reptilian cerebral cortex does indeed fulfill these conditions in certain locations, the separation from striatal structures is often indistinct, so that it may even be argued that some primitive dipnoans possess a pallium or cortex. Nevertheless, an extensive laminated layer separated by underlying white matter is well represented only in reptiles and mammals.[well established][VHOG]

外部_定义

The cerebral cortex is a structure within the brain that plays a key role in memory, attention, perceptual awareness, thought, language, and consciousness. It constitutes the outermost layer of the cerebrum. In preserved brains, it has a grey color, hence the name 'grey matter'. Grey matter is formed by neurons and their unmyelinated fibers, whereas the white matter below the grey matter of the cortex is formed predominantly by myelinated axons interconnecting different regions of the central nervous system. The human cerebral cortex is 2-4 mm (0.08-0.16 inches) thick. The surface of the cerebral cortex is folded in large mammals, such that more than two-thirds of the cortical surface is buried in the grooves, called 'sulci. ' The phylogenetically most recent part of the cerebral cortex, the neocortex, also called isocortex, is differentiated into six horizontal layers; the more ancient part of the cerebral cortex, the hippocampus (also called archicortex), has at most three cellular layers, and is divided into subfields. Relative variations in thickness or cell type (among other parameters) allow us to distinguish between different neocortical architectonic fields. The geometry of at least some of these fields seems to be related to the anatomy of the cortical folds, and, for example, layers in the upper part of the cortical ridges seem to be more clearly differentiated than in its deeper parts. [WP,unvetted][Wikipedia:Cerebral_cortex].

存在_于_分类

http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/NCBITaxon_117569

引自

http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/uberon.owl

管理者注释

We follow NIFSTD in defining cerebral cortex and including both neocortex and hippocampal formation (DG+hippocampus).

subClassOf

http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0022303

http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0011215

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Delete Mapping To Ontology Source
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http://www.co-ode.org/ontologies/galen#CerebralCortex GALEN LOOM
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http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/SNMI/T-A2020 SNMI LOOM
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http://doe-generated-ontology.com/OntoAD#C0007776 ONTOAD LOOM
http://purl.org/sig/ont/fma/fma61830 FMA LOOM
http://ontology.apa.org/apaonto/termsonlyOUT%20(5).owl#Cerebral_Cortex APANEUROCLUSTER LOOM
http://ontology.apa.org/apaonto/termsonlyOUT%20(5).owl#Cerebral_Cortex APAONTO LOOM
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