Cell Ontology

Last uploaded: August 12, 2019
Preferred Name

sternum

Synonyms

vertebrate sternum

breastbone

Definitions

A midventral endochondral skeletal element which represents the origin site of the pectoral muscles[PHENOSCAPE:ad].

ID

http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0000975

axiom_lost_from_external_ontology

relationship loss: part_of postzonal element (AAO:0000938)[AAO]

connected to

http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0007831

http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0002228

contributes to morphology of

http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0003252

contributor

https://github.com/cmungall

https://github.com/alex-dececchi

database_cross_reference

GAID:246

CALOHA:TS-0972

MESH:D013249

EMAPA:18344

EHDAA2:0001914

VHOG:0000856

NCIT:C12793

FMA:7485

BTO:0001302

MA:0001331

OpenCyc:Mx4rvVjO6JwpEbGdrcN5Y29ycA

EHDAA:9561

UMLS:C0038293

galen:Sternum

AAO:0000765

http://linkedlifedata.com/resource/umls/id/C0038293

http://www.snomedbrowser.com/Codes/Details/302522007

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sternum

definition

A midventral endochondral skeletal element which represents the origin site of the pectoral muscles[PHENOSCAPE:ad].

depicted by

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/1/12/Illu_thoracic_cage.jpg

development_notes

While its developmental origins are similar to the ribs (from the myospetum and septum of the trunk region), it is often associated with the pectoral skeleton, due to both function and physical connections (i.e. the coracoid of archosaurs). It may be a single element or a series of smaller structure (sternebrae). Based on Kardong 2012. [PHENOSCAPE:ad].

editor note

in EMAPA and EHDAA2 this is part of the skeleton of pectoral girdle; the classic def of pectoral girdle (see WP) excludes the rib cage and sternum

external_definition

Single element that constitutes the postzonal area of the pectoral girdle.[AAO]

has_exact_synonym

vertebrate sternum

has_obo_namespace

uberon

has_related_synonym

breastbone

has_relational_adjective

sternal

homology_notes

Fishes lack a sternum. (...) A sternum is absent in the first fossil tetrapods, but it is present in modern amphibians. (...) Thus, a sternum occurs in some modern amphibians, birds, mammals and archosaurs. However, its absence in the common ancestors to these groups means that it has arisen independently several times within the field of the midventral connective tissue.[well established][VHOG]

id

UBERON:0000975

in_subset

http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/uberon/core#uberon_slim

http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/uberon/core#pheno_slim

label

sternum

notation

UBERON:0000975

part_of

http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0003252

prefLabel

sternum

taxon_notes

It probably first evolved in early tetrapods as an extension of the pectoral girdle; it is not found in fish. In amphibians and reptiles it is typically a shield-shaped structure, often composed entirely of cartilage. It is absent in both turtles and snakes. In birds it is a relatively large bone and typically bears an enormous projecting keel to which the flight muscles are attached. Only in mammals does the sternum take on the elongated, segmented form seen in humans. In some mammals, such as opossums, the individual segments never fuse and remain separated by cartilagenous plates throughout life

in birds, either ratite (no keel or carina) or carinate (keel and carina present)

treeView

http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0003252

subClassOf

http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0005181

http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0010363

http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CARO_0000000

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http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C12793 NCIT LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/EHDAA_9561 EHDAA LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/MA_0001331 MA LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/EMAPA_18344 EMAPA LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/TGMA_0000427 TGMA LOOM
http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/LNC/LP30315-3 LOINC LOOM
http://localhost/plosthes.2017-1#1514 PLOSTHES LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BTO_0001302 BTO LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BTO_0001302 DTO LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/HAO_0000956 HAO LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/VHOG_0000856 VHOG LOOM
http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/LNC/LP206665-4 LOINC LOOM
http://phenomebrowser.net/ontologies/mesh/mesh.owl#A02.835.232.904.766 RH-MESH LOOM
http://sbmi.uth.tmc.edu/ontology/ochv#11726 OCHV LOOM
http://radlex.org/RID/RID2473 RADLEX LOOM
urn:absolute:RadiationOncologyStructuresOntology#Sternum ROS LOOM
http://www.cvrgrid.org/files/ECGOntologyv1.owl#ECG_000000823 ECG LOOM
http://doe-generated-ontology.com/OntoPneumo#Sternum ONTOPNEUMO LOOM
http://purl.org/obo/owlapi/fma#FMA_7485 BIOMODELS LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/TrOn_0000196 TRON LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/SPD_0000291 SPD LOOM
http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#Sternum OPE LOOM
http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#Sternum SYN LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/FBbt_00004557 FB-BT LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/EHDA_10657 EHDA LOOM
http://www.semanticweb.org/pallabi.d/ontologies/2014/2/untitled-ontology-11#Sternum MCCL LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/EHDAA2_0001914 EHDAA2 LOOM
http://purl.org/sig/ont/fma/fma7485 FMA LOOM
http://www.limics.fr/ontologies/ontoparonmed#Sternum ONTOPARON LOOM
http://purl.jp/bio/4/id/200906070735342198 IOBC LOOM
http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/RCD/Xa8Sa RCD LOOM
http://phenomebrowser.net/ontologies/mesh/mesh.owl#D013249 RH-MESH LOOM
http://www.limics.fr/ontologies/ontolurgences#Sternum ONTOLURGENCES LOOM
http://www.co-ode.org/ontologies/galen#Sternum GALEN LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0000975 GO-PLUS LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0000975 GO-PLUS SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0000975 UBERON LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0000975 UBERON SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0000975 UPHENO LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0000975 UPHENO SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0000975 NIFSTD LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0000975 NIFSTD SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0000975 OBA LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0000975 OBA SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/EHDA_9562 EHDA LOOM
http://www.semanticweb.org/ontologies/2012/11/abnormalities.owl#phenodb:0745 IFAR LOOM
http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MESH/D013249 MESH LOOM