Cell Culture Ontology

Last uploaded: July 23, 2014
Preferred Name

primary motor cortex

Synonyms

prefrontal gyrus

somatomotor cortex

gyrus precentralis

somatic motor areas

Rolando's area

motor cortex

somatomotor areas

excitable area

primary motor cortex

primary motor area

motor area

Definitions

TODO: in MA this is asserted to be part_of BOTH frontal and parietal cortex. in ABA these are disjoint. FMA makes no commitment beyond cerebral cortex. Wikipedia says frontal lobe. Check if species difference or difference in definition. Removed relationship: part_of UBERON:0001872 a brain region that in humans is located in the posterior portion of the frontal lobe. It works in association with pre-motor areas to plan and execute movements. M1 contains large neurons known as Betz cells which send long axons down the spinal cord to synapse onto alpha motor neurons which connect to the muscles. Pre-motor areas are involved in planning actions (in concert with the basal ganglia) and refining movements based upon sensory input (this requires the cerebellum). The human primary motor cortex is located in the dorsal part of the precentral gyrus and the anterior bank of the central sulcus. The precentral gyrus is in front of the postcentral gyrus from which it is separated by the central sulcus. Its anterior border is the precentral sulcus, while inferiorly it borders to the lateral fissure (Sylvian fissure). Medially, it is contiguous with the paracentral lobule. The part of the cerebral cortex that receives projections from the motor thalamus and which projects to motor neurons in the brainstem and spinal cord. The motor cortex corresponds to Brodmann's area 4 (MM). The primary motor cortex, or M1, is located on the precentral gyrus and on the anterior paracentral lobule on the medial surface of the brain. Of the three motor cortex areas, stimulation of the primary motor cortex requires the least amount of electrical current to elicit a movement. http://neuroscience.uth.tmc.edu/s3/chapter03.html

ID

http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0001384

comment

TODO: in MA this is asserted to be part_of BOTH frontal and parietal cortex. in ABA these are disjoint. FMA makes no commitment beyond cerebral cortex. Wikipedia says frontal lobe. Check if species difference or difference in definition. Removed relationship: part_of UBERON:0001872

database_cross_reference

EMAPA:35704

BAMS:MO

DHBA:10162

BAMS:M1

BAMS:MOp

MESH:A08.186.211.730.885.213.270.548

NLX:143555

SNOMEDCT:11931008

UMLS:C0026607

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/e/eb/Ba4.png

Wikipedia:Primary_motor_cortex

MA:0000907

FMA:224854

MSH:D009044

BTO:0004348

BM:Tel-Cx-M1

MBA:985

EFO:0002472

NCIT:C97339

NCIt:C97339

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/eb/Ba4.png/200px-Ba4.png

http://linkedlifedata.com/resource/umls/id/C0026607

http://www.snomedbrowser.com/Codes/Details/11931008

http://braininfo.rprc.washington.edu/centraldirectory.aspx?ID=1910

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Primary_motor_cortex

definition

a brain region that in humans is located in the posterior portion of the frontal lobe. It works in association with pre-motor areas to plan and execute movements. M1 contains large neurons known as Betz cells which send long axons down the spinal cord to synapse onto alpha motor neurons which connect to the muscles. Pre-motor areas are involved in planning actions (in concert with the basal ganglia) and refining movements based upon sensory input (this requires the cerebellum). The human primary motor cortex is located in the dorsal part of the precentral gyrus and the anterior bank of the central sulcus. The precentral gyrus is in front of the postcentral gyrus from which it is separated by the central sulcus. Its anterior border is the precentral sulcus, while inferiorly it borders to the lateral fissure (Sylvian fissure). Medially, it is contiguous with the paracentral lobule.

The part of the cerebral cortex that receives projections from the motor thalamus and which projects to motor neurons in the brainstem and spinal cord. The motor cortex corresponds to Brodmann's area 4 (MM). The primary motor cortex, or M1, is located on the precentral gyrus and on the anterior paracentral lobule on the medial surface of the brain. Of the three motor cortex areas, stimulation of the primary motor cortex requires the least amount of electrical current to elicit a movement. http://neuroscience.uth.tmc.edu/s3/chapter03.html

depicted_by

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/e/eb/Ba4.png

editor note

TODO - in MA this is asserted to be part_of BOTH frontal and parietal cortex. in ABA these are disjoint. FMA makes no commitment beyond cerebral cortex. Wikipedia says frontal lobe. Check if species difference or difference in definition. Removed relationship: part_of UBERON:0001872 parietal lobe

external_definition

the area of the frontal lobe that is involved with integration of voluntary movements and with speech.[MP]

The part of the cerebral cortex that receives projections from the motor thalamus and which projects to motor neurons in the brainstem and spinal cord. The motor cortex corresponds to Brodmann's area 4 (MM). The primary motor cortex, or M1, is located on the precentral gyrus and on the anterior paracentral lobule on the medial surface of the brain. Of the three motor cortex areas, stimulation of the primary motor cortex requires the least amount of electrical current to elicit a movement. http://neuroscience.uth.tmc.edu/s3/chapter03.html

has_exact_synonym

prefrontal gyrus

somatomotor cortex

gyrus precentralis

motor cortex

primary motor cortex

has_obo_namespace

uberon

has_related_synonym

prefrontal gyrus

gyrus precentralis

somatic motor areas

Rolando's area

somatomotor areas

excitable area

primary motor area

motor area

id

UBERON:0001384

in_subset

http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/uberon#efo_slim

http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/uberon/core#uberon_slim

http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/uberon/core#pheno_slim

http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/uberon/core#efo_slim

http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/uberon#uberon_slim

label

primary motor cortex

notation

UBERON:0001384

part_of

http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0001870

prefLabel

primary motor cortex

term editor

James Malone

Ele Holloway

treeView

http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0001870

subClassOf

http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0002616

http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0010314

http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0000955

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Delete Mapping To Ontology Source
http://www.projecthalo.com/aura#Primary-Motor-Cortex AURA LOOM
http://purl.bioontology.org/NEMO/ontology/NEMO.owl#NEMO_0710000 NEMO LOOM
http://cocomac.g-node.org/services/custom_sql_query.php?sql=SELECT%20*%20from%20BrainMaps_BrainSiteAcronyms%20where%20ID=915 NIFSTD LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0001384 UBERON LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0001384 UBERON SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0001384 EFO LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0001384 EFO SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0001384 UPHENO LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0001384 UPHENO SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0001384 UBERON LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0001384 UBERON SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0001384 UBERON LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0001384 UBERON SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0001384 NIFSTD LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0001384 NIFSTD SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0001384 CL LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0001384 CL SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0001384 OBA LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0001384 OBA SAME_URI
http://www.semanticweb.org/ontologies/2009/9/Ontology1255357986125.owl#Primary_motor_cortex BRCT LOOM
http://uri.neuinfo.org/nif/nifstd/nlx_143555 NIFSTD LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/MA_0000907 MA LOOM
http://cocomac.g-node.org/services/custom_sql_query.php?sql=SELECT%20*%20from%20BrainMaps_BrainSiteAcronyms%20where%20ID=699 NIFSTD LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/EMAPA_35704 EMAPA LOOM
http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C97339 NCIT LOOM
http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C97339 NCIT LOOM
http://radlex.org/RID/RID6986 RADLEX LOOM
http://purl.org/sig/ont/fma/fma224854 FMA LOOM
http://uri.interlex.org/paxinos/uris/rat/labels/793 NIFSTD LOOM
http://uri.interlex.org/hcp/uris/mmp/labels/8 NIFSTD LOOM
http://purl.org/obo/owlapi/fma#FMA_224854 BIOMODELS LOOM