Cell Culture Ontology

Last uploaded: July 23, 2014
Preferred Name

sternum

Synonyms

vertebrate sternum

breastbone

Definitions

A midventral endochondral skeletal element which represents the origin site of the pectoral muscles[PHENOSCAPE:ad].

ID

http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0000975

axiom_lost_from_external_ontology

relationship loss: part_of postzonal element (AAO:0000938)[AAO]

contributor

https://github.com/cmungall

https://github.com/alex-dececchi

database_cross_reference

GAID:246

CALOHA:TS-0972

MESH:D013249

EMAPA:18344

EHDAA2:0001914

VHOG:0000856

NCIT:C12793

FMA:7485

BTO:0001302

MA:0001331

OpenCyc:Mx4rvVjO6JwpEbGdrcN5Y29ycA

EHDAA:9561

UMLS:C0038293

galen:Sternum

AAO:0000765

http://linkedlifedata.com/resource/umls/id/C0038293

http://www.snomedbrowser.com/Codes/Details/302522007

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sternum

definition

A midventral endochondral skeletal element which represents the origin site of the pectoral muscles[PHENOSCAPE:ad].

depicted_by

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/1/12/Illu_thoracic_cage.jpg

editor note

in EMAPA and EHDAA2 this is part of the skeleton of pectoral girdle; the classic def of pectoral girdle (see WP) excludes the rib cage and sternum

external_definition

Single element that constitutes the postzonal area of the pectoral girdle.[AAO]

has_exact_synonym

vertebrate sternum

has_obo_namespace

uberon

has_related_synonym

breastbone

has_relational_adjective

sternal

homology_notes

Fishes lack a sternum. (...) A sternum is absent in the first fossil tetrapods, but it is present in modern amphibians. (...) Thus, a sternum occurs in some modern amphibians, birds, mammals and archosaurs. However, its absence in the common ancestors to these groups means that it has arisen independently several times within the field of the midventral connective tissue.[well established][VHOG]

id

UBERON:0000975

in_subset

http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/uberon/core#uberon_slim

http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/uberon/core#pheno_slim

label

sternum

notation

UBERON:0000975

prefLabel

sternum

taxon_notes

It probably first evolved in early tetrapods as an extension of the pectoral girdle; it is not found in fish. In amphibians and reptiles it is typically a shield-shaped structure, often composed entirely of cartilage. It is absent in both turtles and snakes. In birds it is a relatively large bone and typically bears an enormous projecting keel to which the flight muscles are attached. Only in mammals does the sternum take on the elongated, segmented form seen in humans. In some mammals, such as opossums, the individual segments never fuse and remain separated by cartilagenous plates throughout life

in birds, either ratite (no keel or carina) or carinate (keel and carina present)

UBPROP_0000011

While its developmental origins are similar to the ribs (from the myospetum and septum of the trunk region), it is often associated with the pectoral skeleton, due to both function and physical connections (i.e. the coracoid of archosaurs). It may be a single element or a series of smaller structure (sternebrae). Based on Kardong 2012. [PHENOSCAPE:ad].

subClassOf

http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0005181

http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0010363

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http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C12793 NCIT LOOM
http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C12793 NCIT LOOM
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http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/TGMA_0000427 TGMA LOOM
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http://localhost/plosthes.2017-1#1514 PLOSTHES LOOM
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http://radlex.org/RID/RID2473 RADLEX LOOM
urn:absolute:RadiationOncologyStructuresOntology#Sternum ROS LOOM
http://www.cvrgrid.org/files/ECGOntologyv1.owl#ECG_000000823 ECG LOOM
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http://www.semanticweb.org/pallabi.d/ontologies/2014/2/untitled-ontology-11#Sternum MCCL LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/EHDAA2_0001914 EHDAA2 LOOM
http://purl.org/sig/ont/fma/fma7485 FMA LOOM
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