Physician Data Query

Last uploaded: April 29, 2019
Preferred Name

selenium

Synonyms

Se

Definitions

A nonmetallic chemical element found in trace amounts in human body. Selenium primarily occurs in vivo as selenocompounds, mostly selenoproteins such as glutathione peroxidase and thioredoxin reductase (enzymes responsible for detoxification). Alone or in combination with Vitamin E, selenocompounds act as antioxidants. These agents scavenge free radicals; prevent blood clots by inhibiting platelet aggregation; strengthen the immune system; and have been shown, in some instances, to inhibit chromosomal damage and mutations. Exhibiting chemopreventive activity, selenocompounds also inhibit the induction of protein kinase C. Check for "http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=38725&idtype=1" active clinical trials or "http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=38725&idtype=1&closed=1" closed clinical trials using this agent. ("http://nciterms.nci.nih.gov:80/NCIBrowser/ConceptReport.jsp?dictionary=NCI_Thesaurus&code=C825" NCI Thesaurus)

ID

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/PDQ/CDR0000038725

altLabel

Se

CAS Registry

7782-49-2

Component of

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/PDQ/CDR0000445226

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/PDQ/CDR0000038191

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/PDQ/CDR0000430892

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/PDQ/CDR0000038141

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/PDQ/CDR0000315585

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/PDQ/CDR0000037983

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/PDQ/CDR0000445227

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/PDQ/CDR0000038138

cui

C0036581

Date last modified

2006-10-02

definition

A nonmetallic chemical element found in trace amounts in human body. Selenium primarily occurs in vivo as selenocompounds, mostly selenoproteins such as glutathione peroxidase and thioredoxin reductase (enzymes responsible for detoxification). Alone or in combination with Vitamin E, selenocompounds act as antioxidants. These agents scavenge free radicals; prevent blood clots by inhibiting platelet aggregation; strengthen the immune system; and have been shown, in some instances, to inhibit chromosomal damage and mutations. Exhibiting chemopreventive activity, selenocompounds also inhibit the induction of protein kinase C. Check for "http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=38725&idtype=1" active clinical trials or "http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=38725&idtype=1&closed=1" closed clinical trials using this agent. ("http://nciterms.nci.nih.gov:80/NCIBrowser/ConceptReport.jsp?dictionary=NCI_Thesaurus&code=C825" NCI Thesaurus)

Legacy PDQ ID

1153

NCI ID

C825

notation

CDR0000038725

ORIG STY

Drug/agent

prefLabel

selenium

tui

T196

T121

T123

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http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDDRA/10039918 MEDDRA LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CHEBI_27568 CHEAR LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CHEBI_27568 CCONT LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CHEBI_27568 EFO LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CHEBI_27568 EFO LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CHEBI_27568 EFO LOOM
http://purl.jp/bio/4/id/200906051759610970 IOBC LOOM
http://www.owl-ontologies.com/Ontology1435740495.owl#Selenium OF LOOM
http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/CPT/84255 CPT LOOM
http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C0036581 MEDLINEPLUS CUI
http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C0036581 MEDLINEPLUS LOOM
http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/SNOMEDCT/22038003 SNOMEDCT CUI
http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/SNOMEDCT/22038003 SNOMEDCT LOOM
http://doe-generated-ontology.com/OntoAD#C0036581 ONTOAD LOOM
http://www.projecthalo.com/aura#Selenium AURA LOOM
http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/VANDF/4020392 VANDF CUI
http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/VANDF/4020392 VANDF LOOM
http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/LNC/LP14283-3 LOINC CUI
http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/LNC/LP14283-3 LOINC LOOM
http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/SNMI/C-11600 SNMI CUI
http://scai.fraunhofer.de/CSEO#Selenium CSEO LOOM
http://radlex.org/RID/RID11828 RADLEX LOOM
http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C825 NCIT LOOM
http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C825 NCIT LOOM
http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C825 NCIT LOOM
http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/NDFRT/N0000148196 NDFRT CUI
http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/NDFRT/N0000148196 NDFRT LOOM
http://www.semanticweb.org/席婷/ontologies/2019/3/untitled-ontology-62#Selenium PCALION LOOM
http://www.semanticweb.org/席婷/ontologies/2019/3/untitled-ontology-62#Selenium PCALION LOOM
http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/NDFRT/N0000006104 NDFRT CUI
http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/LNC/MTHU007657 LOINC CUI
http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/LNC/MTHU007657 LOINC LOOM
http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/RCD/X7987 RCD CUI
http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/RCD/X7987 RCD LOOM
http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/NDDF/000864 NDDF CUI
http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/NDDF/000864 NDDF LOOM
http://phenomebrowser.net/ontologies/mesh/mesh.owl#D012643 RH-MESH LOOM
http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/CSP/1852-9448 CRISP CUI
http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/CSP/1852-9448 CRISP LOOM
http://bmi.utah.edu/ontologies/hfontology/C0036581 HFO LOOM
http://www.co-ode.org/ontologies/galen#Selenium GALEN LOOM
http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/SNOMEDCT/350057002 SNOMEDCT CUI
http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/npo#NPO_948 NPO LOOM
http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/phenX/050900 PHENX LOOM
http://phenomebrowser.net/ontologies/mesh/mesh.owl#D01.268.185.850 RH-MESH LOOM
http://localhost/plosthes.2017-1#4558 PLOSTHES LOOM
http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/RXNORM/9641 RXNORM CUI
http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/RXNORM/9641 RXNORM LOOM
http://id.loc.gov/authorities/subjects/sh85119688 FAST-TOPICAL LOOM
http://www.cea.fr/ontotoxnuc#Selenium ONTOTOXNUC LOOM
http://www.owl-ontologies.com/OntoFood.owl#Selenium FASTO LOOM
http://www.owl-ontologies.com/OntoFood.owl#Selenium DMTO LOOM
http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/RCD/x01Fn RCD CUI
http://phenomebrowser.net/ontologies/mesh/mesh.owl#D01.578.700 RH-MESH LOOM
http://www.pepathway.org/peo/1.2#Selenium PE-O LOOM
http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MESH/D012643 MESH CUI
http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MESH/D012643 MESH LOOM
http://www.semanticweb.org/ontologies/2018/1/ProstateCancer.owl#Selenium PCAO LOOM