Preferred Name

carbohydrate

Synonyms

Kohlenhydrat

glucido

hydrates de carbone

glucides

carbohydrates

Kohlenhydrate

saccharidum

glucidos

carbohidratos

saccharide

carbohidrato

saccharides

glucide

carbohydrate

Definitions

Any member of the class of organooxygen compounds that is a polyhydroxy-aldehyde or -ketone or a lactol resulting from their intramolecular condensation (monosaccharides); substances derived from these by reduction of the carbonyl group (alditols), by oxidation of one or more hydroxy groups to afford the corresponding aldehydes, ketones, or carboxylic acids, or by replacement of one or more hydroxy group(s) by a hydrogen atom; and polymeric products arising by intermolecular acetal formation between two or more such molecules (disaccharides, polysaccharides and oligosaccharides). Carbohydrates contain only carbon, hydrogen and oxygen atoms; prior to any oxidation or reduction, most have the empirical formula Cm(H2O)n. Compounds obtained from carbohydrates by substitution, etc., are known as carbohydrate derivatives and may contain other elements. Cyclitols are generally not regarded as carbohydrates.

ID

http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CHEBI_16646

database_cross_reference

Wikipedia:Carbohydrate

has_alternative_id

CHEBI:15131

CHEBI:23008

CHEBI:9318

has_exact_synonym

carbohydrates

carbohydrate

has_obo_namespace

chebi_ontology

has_related_synonym

Kohlenhydrat

glucido

hydrates de carbone

glucides

Kohlenhydrate

saccharidum

glucidos

carbohidratos

saccharide

carbohidrato

saccharides

glucide

id

CHEBI:16646

in_subset

http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/chebi#3_STAR

label

carbohydrate

notation

CHEBI:16646

prefLabel

carbohydrate

textual definition

Any member of the class of organooxygen compounds that is a polyhydroxy-aldehyde or -ketone or a lactol resulting from their intramolecular condensation (monosaccharides); substances derived from these by reduction of the carbonyl group (alditols), by oxidation of one or more hydroxy groups to afford the corresponding aldehydes, ketones, or carboxylic acids, or by replacement of one or more hydroxy group(s) by a hydrogen atom; and polymeric products arising by intermolecular acetal formation between two or more such molecules (disaccharides, polysaccharides and oligosaccharides). Carbohydrates contain only carbon, hydrogen and oxygen atoms; prior to any oxidation or reduction, most have the empirical formula Cm(H2O)n. Compounds obtained from carbohydrates by substitution, etc., are known as carbohydrate derivatives and may contain other elements. Cyclitols are generally not regarded as carbohydrates.

subClassOf

http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CHEBI_78616

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