Medical Subject Headings

Last uploaded: August 27, 2019
Preferred Name

Mitochondria

Synonyms

Contraction, Mitochondrial

Definitions

Semiautonomous, self-reproducing organelles that occur in the cytoplasm of all cells of most, but not all, eukaryotes. Each mitochondrion is surrounded by a double limiting membrane. The inner membrane is highly invaginated, and its projections are called cristae. Mitochondria are the sites of the reactions of oxidative phosphorylation, which result in the formation of ATP. They contain distinctive RIBOSOMES, transfer RNAs (RNA, TRANSFER); AMINO ACYL T RNA SYNTHETASES; and elongation and termination factors. Mitochondria depend upon genes within the nucleus of the cells in which they reside for many essential messenger RNAs (RNA, MESSENGER). Mitochondria are believed to have arisen from aerobic bacteria that established a symbiotic relationship with primitive protoeukaryotes. (King & Stansfield, A Dictionary of Genetics, 4th ed)

ID

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MESH/D008928

altLabel

Contraction, Mitochondrial

Contractions, Mitochondrial

Mitochondrial Contraction

Mitochondrion

Mitochondrial Contractions

AN

coordinate with organ /metab but not also organ /ultrastruct for metabolic studies; coordinate with organ /ultrastruct for morphological studies; mitochondria of vascular or smooth muscle tissue goes under MITOCHONDRIA, MUSCLE

AQL

CH CL DE EN GE IM ME MI PA PH PS RE TR UL VI

cui

C0026241

C0026237

DC

1

definition

Semiautonomous, self-reproducing organelles that occur in the cytoplasm of all cells of most, but not all, eukaryotes. Each mitochondrion is surrounded by a double limiting membrane. The inner membrane is highly invaginated, and its projections are called cristae. Mitochondria are the sites of the reactions of oxidative phosphorylation, which result in the formation of ATP. They contain distinctive RIBOSOMES, transfer RNAs (RNA, TRANSFER); AMINO ACYL T RNA SYNTHETASES; and elongation and termination factors. Mitochondria depend upon genes within the nucleus of the cells in which they reside for many essential messenger RNAs (RNA, MESSENGER). Mitochondria are believed to have arisen from aerobic bacteria that established a symbiotic relationship with primitive protoeukaryotes. (King & Stansfield, A Dictionary of Genetics, 4th ed)

DX

19600101

HN

MITOCHONDRIAL CONTRACTION was heading 1969-96 (was see under MITOCHONDRIA 1975, was Prov 1969-74)

Inverse of AQ

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MESH/Q000737

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MESH/Q000201

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MESH/Q000145

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MESH/Q000187

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MESH/Q000528

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MESH/Q000821

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MESH/Q000382

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MESH/Q000235

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MESH/Q000648

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MESH/Q000276

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MESH/Q000502

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MESH/Q000637

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MESH/Q000378

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MESH/Q000473

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MESH/Q000469

Inverse of SIB

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MESH/D002474

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MESH/D055944

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MESH/D007424

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MESH/D013574

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MESH/D006056

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MESH/D066292

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MESH/D008861

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MESH/D018087

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MESH/D004721

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MESH/D022162

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MESH/D012270

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MESH/D007425

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MESH/D020130

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MESH/D012518

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MESH/D020394

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MESH/D002467

Machine permutation

MITOCHONDRIAL CONTRACTION was heading 1975-96 (see under MITOCHONDRIA 1975)

MDA

19990101

MMR

20030709

MN

A11.284.430.214.190.875.564

A11.284.835.626

notation

D008928

prefLabel

Mitochondria

TERMUI

T026688

T026686

T026687

TH

NLM (1966)

NLM (1995)

NLM (1997)

tui

T026

T043

subClassOf

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MESH/D013347

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MESH/D015388

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http://edamontology.org/topic_0779 EDAM LOOM
http://edamontology.org/topic_0779 SWO LOOM
http://phenomebrowser.net/ontologies/mesh/mesh.owl#A11.284.430.214.190.875.564 RH-MESH LOOM
http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/SNOMEDCT/75056005 SNOMEDCT CUI
http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/CSP/0596-9251 CRISP CUI
http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/CSP/0596-9251 CRISP LOOM
http://localhost/plosthes.2017-1#7849 PLOSTHES LOOM
http://regenbase.org/ontology#RB_0000245 RB LOOM
http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/SNMI/T-E0700 SNMI CUI
http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MSHFRE/D008928 MSHFRE CUI
http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MSHFRE/D008928 MSHFRE CUI
http://doe-generated-ontology.com/OntoAD#C0026237 ONTOAD LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PGO_0000010 pseudo LOOM
http://www.semanticweb.org/ADMO#c7 ADMO LOOM
http://phenomebrowser.net/ontologies/mesh/mesh.owl#A11.284.835.626 RH-MESH LOOM
http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/SCTSPA/312239001 SCTSPA CUI
http://purl.jp/bio/4/id/200906021017280507 IOBC LOOM
http://phenomebrowser.net/ontologies/mesh/mesh.owl#D008928 RH-MESH LOOM
http://ontology.apa.org/apaonto/termsonlyOUT%20(5).owl#Mitochondria APANEUROCLUSTER LOOM
http://ontology.apa.org/apaonto/termsonlyOUT%20(5).owl#Mitochondria APAONTO LOOM
http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/LNC/LP16724-4 LOINC CUI
http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/LNC/LP16724-4 LOINC LOOM
http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/SNOMEDCT/312239001 SNOMEDCT CUI
http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/SCTSPA/75056005 SCTSPA CUI