MedlinePlus Health Topics

Last uploaded: November 18, 2019
Preferred Name

CKD

Synonyms

Chronic Kidney Disease

Definitions

<p>You have two kidneys, each about the size of your fist. Their main job is to filter your blood. They remove wastes and extra water, which become urine. They also keep the body's chemicals balanced, help control blood pressure, and make hormones.</p> <p>Chronic kidney disease (CKD) means that your kidneys are damaged and can't filter blood as they should. This damage can cause wastes to build up in your body. It can also cause other problems that can harm your health. Diabetes and high blood pressure are the most common causes of CKD.</p> <p>The kidney damage occurs slowly over many years. Many people don't have any symptoms until their kidney disease is very advanced. <a href='https://medlineplus.gov/kidneytests.html'>Blood and urine tests</a> are the only way to know if you have kidney disease.</p> <p>Treatments cannot cure kidney disease, but they may slow kidney disease. They include <a href='https://medlineplus.gov/bloodpressuremedicines.html'>medicines to lower blood pressure</a>, control <a href='https://medlineplus.gov/bloodsugar.html'>blood sugar</a>, and lower <a href='https://medlineplus.gov/cholesterol.html'>cholesterol</a>. CKD may still get worse over time. Sometimes it can lead to <a href='https://medlineplus.gov/kidneyfailure.html'>kidney failure</a>. If your kidneys fail, you will need <a href='https://medlineplus.gov/dialysis.html'>dialysis</a> or a <a href='https://medlineplus.gov/kidneytransplantation.html'>kidney transplantation</a>.</p> <p>You can take steps to keep your kidneys healthier longer:</p> <ul> <li>Choose foods with less <a href='https://medlineplus.gov/sodium.html'>salt</a> (sodium)</li> <li><a href='https://medlineplus.gov/howtopreventhighbloodpressure.html'>Control your blood pressure</a>; your health care provider can tell you what your blood pressure should be</li> <li>Keep your blood sugar in the target range, if you have <a href='https://medlineplus.gov/diabetes.html'>diabetes</a></li> <li>Limit the amount of alcohol you drink</li> <li>Choose foods that are healthy for your heart: fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and low-fat dairy foods</li> <li>Lose weight if you are overweight</li> <li>Be physically active</li> <li>Don't smoke</li> </ul> <p >NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases</p>

ID

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C1561643

altLabel

Chronic Kidney Disease

cui

C1561643

Date created

02/14/2012

definition

You have two kidneys, each about the size of your fist. Their main job is to filter your blood. They remove wastes and extra water, which become urine. They also keep the body's chemicals balanced, help control blood pressure, and make hormones.

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) means that your kidneys are damaged and can't filter blood as they should. This damage can cause wastes to build up in your body. It can also cause other problems that can harm your health. Diabetes and high blood pressure are the most common causes of CKD.

The kidney damage occurs slowly over many years. Many people don't have any symptoms until their kidney disease is very advanced. Blood and urine tests are the only way to know if you have kidney disease.

Treatments cannot cure kidney disease, but they may slow kidney disease. They include medicines to lower blood pressure, control blood sugar, and lower cholesterol. CKD may still get worse over time. Sometimes it can lead to kidney failure. If your kidneys fail, you will need dialysis or a kidney transplantation.

You can take steps to keep your kidneys healthier longer:

  • Choose foods with less salt (sodium)
  • Control your blood pressure; your health care provider can tell you what your blood pressure should be
  • Keep your blood sugar in the target range, if you have diabetes
  • Limit the amount of alcohol you drink
  • Choose foods that are healthy for your heart: fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and low-fat dairy foods
  • Lose weight if you are overweight
  • Be physically active
  • Don't smoke

NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

Inverse of RQ

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C1561643

Inverse of SIB

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C0035078

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C0042029

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C0010294

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C0700276

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C0403608

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C0022671

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C0022662

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C0029473

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C0042014

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C0042034

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C0005686

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C0027708

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C4551529

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C0011881

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C0041969

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C0878773

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C0005684

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C0282488

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C0022658

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C3887499

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C3495801

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C0042024

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C0011848

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C0022650

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C0740457

Inverse of SY

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C1561643

Mapped to

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C0403447

MP HEALTH TOPIC URL

https://medlineplus.gov/chronickidneydisease.html

MP OTHER LANGUAGE URL

Arabic https://medlineplus.gov/languages/chronickidneydisease.html#Arabic

Spanish https://medlineplus.gov/languages/chronickidneydisease.html#Spanish

Bosnian https://medlineplus.gov/languages/chronickidneydisease.html#Bosnian

Somali https://medlineplus.gov/languages/chronickidneydisease.html#Somali

Russian https://medlineplus.gov/languages/chronickidneydisease.html#Russian

Nepali https://medlineplus.gov/languages/chronickidneydisease.html#Nepali

Chinese, Simplified (Mandarin dialect) https://medlineplus.gov/languages/chronickidneydisease.html#Chinese, Simplified (Mandarin dialect)

Vietnamese https://medlineplus.gov/languages/chronickidneydisease.html#Vietnamese

Tagalog https://medlineplus.gov/languages/chronickidneydisease.html#Tagalog

Japanese https://medlineplus.gov/languages/chronickidneydisease.html#Japanese

Chinese, Traditional (Cantonese dialect) https://medlineplus.gov/languages/chronickidneydisease.html#Chinese, Traditional (Cantonese dialect)

Korean https://medlineplus.gov/languages/chronickidneydisease.html#Korean

Hindi https://medlineplus.gov/languages/chronickidneydisease.html#Hindi

Portuguese https://medlineplus.gov/languages/chronickidneydisease.html#Portuguese

French https://medlineplus.gov/languages/chronickidneydisease.html#French

Spanish https://medlineplus.gov/spanish/chronickidneydisease.html

MP PRIMARY INSTITUTE URL

National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases https://www.niddk.nih.gov

notation

C1561643

prefLabel

CKD

Related to

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C0035078

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C0010294

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C0022662

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C4551529

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C0022658

Scope Statement

If your kidneys are damaged and can't filter blood easily, then you may suffer from chronic kidney disease (CKD). Read about the treatments available

tui

T047

subClassOf

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C1456596

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Delete Mapping To Ontology Source
http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/LNC/LA20357-2 LOINC CUI
http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/ICD9CM/585.9 ICD9CM CUI
http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MDRFRE/10064848 MDRFRE CUI
http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/OMIM/MTHU023442 OMIM CUI
http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/ICD10CM/N18.9 ICD10CM CUI
http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDDRA/10064848 MEDDRA CUI
http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/ICD10CM/N18 ICD10CM CUI
http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/ICD9CM/585 ICD9CM CUI
http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MESH/D051436 MESH CUI
http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/SNOMEDCT/709044004 SNOMEDCT CUI
http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/SCTSPA/709044004 SCTSPA CUI
http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/OMIM/MTHU055845 OMIM CUI