MedlinePlus Health Topics

Last uploaded: August 27, 2019
Preferred Name

Radiotherapy

Synonyms

Radiation Therapy

Definitions

<p>Radiation therapy is a cancer treatment. It uses high doses of radiation to kill cancer cells and stop them from spreading. About half of all cancer patients receive it. The radiation may be external, from special machines, or internal, from radioactive substances that a doctor places inside your body. The type of radiation therapy you receive depends on many factors, including</p> <ul> <li>The type of cancer</li> <li>The size of the cancer</li> <li>The cancer's location in the body</li> <li>How close the cancer is to normal tissues that are sensitive to radiation</li> <li>How far into the body the radiation needs to travel</li> <li>Your general health and medical history</li> <li>Whether you will have other types of cancer treatment</li> <li>Other factors, such as your age and other medical conditions</li> </ul> <p>Radiation therapy can damage normal cells as well as cancer cells. Treatment must be carefully planned to minimize side effects. Common side effects include skin changes and fatigue. Other side effects depend on the part of your body being treated.</p> <p>Sometimes radiation is used with other treatments, like surgery or <a href='https://medlineplus.gov/cancerchemotherapy.html'>chemotherapy</a>. </p> <p >NIH: National Cancer Institute</p>

ID

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C1522449

altLabel

Radiation Therapy

cui

C1522449

Date created

11/13/2002

definition

Radiation therapy is a cancer treatment. It uses high doses of radiation to kill cancer cells and stop them from spreading. About half of all cancer patients receive it. The radiation may be external, from special machines, or internal, from radioactive substances that a doctor places inside your body. The type of radiation therapy you receive depends on many factors, including

  • The type of cancer
  • The size of the cancer
  • The cancer's location in the body
  • How close the cancer is to normal tissues that are sensitive to radiation
  • How far into the body the radiation needs to travel
  • Your general health and medical history
  • Whether you will have other types of cancer treatment
  • Other factors, such as your age and other medical conditions

Radiation therapy can damage normal cells as well as cancer cells. Treatment must be carefully planned to minimize side effects. Common side effects include skin changes and fatigue. Other side effects depend on the part of your body being treated.

Sometimes radiation is used with other treatments, like surgery or chemotherapy.

NIH: National Cancer Institute

Inverse of RQ

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Inverse of SIB

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Inverse of SY

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Mapped from

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C1522449

Mapped to

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C1522449

MP HEALTH TOPIC URL

https://medlineplus.gov/radiationtherapy.html

MP OTHER LANGUAGE URL

Japanese https://medlineplus.gov/languages/radiationtherapy.html#Japanese

Chinese, Simplified (Mandarin dialect) https://medlineplus.gov/languages/radiationtherapy.html#Chinese, Simplified (Mandarin dialect)

Spanish https://medlineplus.gov/languages/radiationtherapy.html#Spanish

Vietnamese https://medlineplus.gov/languages/radiationtherapy.html#Vietnamese

Spanish https://medlineplus.gov/spanish/radiationtherapy.html

Chinese, Traditional (Cantonese dialect) https://medlineplus.gov/languages/radiationtherapy.html#Chinese, Traditional (Cantonese dialect)

Somali https://medlineplus.gov/languages/radiationtherapy.html#Somali

Russian https://medlineplus.gov/languages/radiationtherapy.html#Russian

Korean https://medlineplus.gov/languages/radiationtherapy.html#Korean

Nepali https://medlineplus.gov/languages/radiationtherapy.html#Nepali

Ukrainian https://medlineplus.gov/languages/radiationtherapy.html#Ukrainian

French https://medlineplus.gov/languages/radiationtherapy.html#French

Hindi https://medlineplus.gov/languages/radiationtherapy.html#Hindi

Arabic https://medlineplus.gov/languages/radiationtherapy.html#Arabic

MP PRIMARY INSTITUTE URL

National Cancer Institute http://www.cancer.gov/

notation

C1522449

prefLabel

Radiotherapy

Related to

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C0011923

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C0006826

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C0015333

Scope Statement

Radiation therapy is cancer treatment, using exposure to kill and stop spread. Must be carefully done to minimize side effects and maximize benefits.

tui

T061

subClassOf

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C0006826

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