MedlinePlus Health Topics

Last uploaded: August 27, 2019
Preferred Name

Islet Cell Transplantation

Definitions

<p>Islets are cells found in clusters throughout the <a href='https://medlineplus.gov/pancreastransplantation.html'>pancreas</a>. They are made up of several types of cells. One of these is beta cells, which make insulin. Insulin is a hormone that helps the body use glucose for energy. Islet cell transplantation transfers cells from an organ donor into the body of another person. It is an experimental treatment for <a href='https://medlineplus.gov/diabetestype1.html'>type 1 diabetes</a>.</p> <p>In type 1 diabetes, the beta cells of the pancreas no longer make insulin. A person who has type 1 diabetes must take insulin daily to live. Transplanted islet cells, however, can take over the work of the destroyed cells. The beta cells in these islets will begin to make and release insulin. Researchers hope islet transplantation will help people with type 1 diabetes live without daily insulin injections.</p> <p >NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases </p>

ID

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C0079646

cui

C0079646

Date created

08/07/2001

definition

Islets are cells found in clusters throughout the pancreas. They are made up of several types of cells. One of these is beta cells, which make insulin. Insulin is a hormone that helps the body use glucose for energy. Islet cell transplantation transfers cells from an organ donor into the body of another person. It is an experimental treatment for type 1 diabetes.

In type 1 diabetes, the beta cells of the pancreas no longer make insulin. A person who has type 1 diabetes must take insulin daily to live. Transplanted islet cells, however, can take over the work of the destroyed cells. The beta cells in these islets will begin to make and release insulin. Researchers hope islet transplantation will help people with type 1 diabetes live without daily insulin injections.

NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

Inverse of SIB

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Mapped from

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C0079646

Mapped to

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C0079646

MP HEALTH TOPIC URL

https://medlineplus.gov/isletcelltransplantation.html

MP OTHER LANGUAGE URL

Spanish https://medlineplus.gov/spanish/isletcelltransplantation.html

MP PRIMARY INSTITUTE URL

National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases https://www.niddk.nih.gov

notation

C0079646

prefLabel

Islet Cell Transplantation

Related to

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C0011849

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C1318453

Scope Statement

Islets in the pancreas contain beta cells that produce insulin. Islet transplantation is an experimental treatment for type 1 diabetes.

tui

T061

subClassOf

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C2362505

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C0012240

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C0014136

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Delete Mapping To Ontology Source
http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/SCTSPA/128531006 SCTSPA CUI
http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/RCD/78303 RCD CUI
http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MESH/D016381 MESH CUI
http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MSHFRE/D016381 MSHFRE CUI
http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/SNOMEDCT/128531006 SNOMEDCT CUI
http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/CSP/2204-3041 CRISP CUI
http://sbmi.uth.tmc.edu/ontology/ochv#C0079646 OCHV LOOM