MedlinePlus Health Topics

Last uploaded: August 27, 2019
Preferred Name

Infections, Viral

Synonyms

Viral Infections

Definitions

<p>Viruses are very tiny germs. They are made of genetic material inside of a protein coating. Viruses cause familiar infectious diseases such as the <a href='https://medlineplus.gov/commoncold.html'>common cold</a>, <a href='https://medlineplus.gov/flu.html'>flu</a> and <a href='https://medlineplus.gov/warts.html'>warts</a>. They also cause severe illnesses such as <a href='https://medlineplus.gov/hivaids.html'>HIV/AIDS</a>, <a href='https://medlineplus.gov/smallpox.html'>smallpox</a>, and <a href='https://medlineplus.gov/ebola.html'>Ebola</a>.</p> <p>Viruses are like hijackers. They invade living, normal cells and use those cells to multiply and produce other viruses like themselves. This can kill, damage, or change the cells and make you sick. Different viruses attack certain cells in your body such as your liver, respiratory system, or blood.</p> <p>When you get a virus, you may not always get sick from it. Your immune system may be able to fight it off.</p> <p>For most viral infections, treatments can only help with symptoms while you wait for your immune system to fight off the virus. Antibiotics do not work for viral infections. There are antiviral medicines to treat some viral infections. <a href='https://medlineplus.gov/immunization.html'>Vaccines</a> can help prevent you from getting many viral diseases.</p>

ID

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C0042769

altLabel

Viral Infections

cui

C0042769

Date created

10/01/1999

definition

Viruses are very tiny germs. They are made of genetic material inside of a protein coating. Viruses cause familiar infectious diseases such as the common cold, flu and warts. They also cause severe illnesses such as HIV/AIDS, smallpox, and Ebola.

Viruses are like hijackers. They invade living, normal cells and use those cells to multiply and produce other viruses like themselves. This can kill, damage, or change the cells and make you sick. Different viruses attack certain cells in your body such as your liver, respiratory system, or blood.

When you get a virus, you may not always get sick from it. Your immune system may be able to fight it off.

For most viral infections, treatments can only help with symptoms while you wait for your immune system to fight off the virus. Antibiotics do not work for viral infections. There are antiviral medicines to treat some viral infections. Vaccines can help prevent you from getting many viral diseases.

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Mapped from

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Mapped to

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MP HEALTH TOPIC URL

https://medlineplus.gov/viralinfections.html

MP OTHER LANGUAGE URL

Spanish https://medlineplus.gov/spanish/viralinfections.html

MP PRIMARY INSTITUTE URL

National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases http://www.niaid.nih.gov/

notation

C0042769

prefLabel

Infections, Viral

Related to

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Scope Statement

Viruses cause familiar infections such as the common cold, but they also cause severe illnesses. Learn more about viral infections and their symptoms.

tui

T047

subClassOf

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