MedlinePlus Health Topics

Last uploaded: August 27, 2019
Preferred Name

Stem Cells

Definitions

<p>Stem cells are cells with the potential to develop into many different types of cells in the body. They serve as a repair system for the body. There are two main types of stem cells: embryonic stem cells and adult stem cells. </p> <p>Stem cells are different from other cells in the body in three ways:</p> <ul> <li>They can divide and renew themselves over a long time</li> <li>They are unspecialized, so they cannot do specific functions in the body</li> <li>They have the potential to become specialized cells, such as muscle cells, blood cells, and brain cells</li> </ul> <p>Doctors and scientists are excited about stem cells because they could help in many different areas of health and medical research. Studying stem cells may help explain how serious conditions such as birth defects and cancer come about. Stem cells may one day be used to make cells and tissues for therapy of many diseases. Examples include Parkinson's disease, Alzheimer's disease, spinal cord injury, heart disease, diabetes, and arthritis.</p> <p >NIH: National Institutes of Health</p>

ID

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C0038250

cui

C0038250

Date created

12/07/2000

definition

Stem cells are cells with the potential to develop into many different types of cells in the body. They serve as a repair system for the body. There are two main types of stem cells: embryonic stem cells and adult stem cells.

Stem cells are different from other cells in the body in three ways:

  • They can divide and renew themselves over a long time
  • They are unspecialized, so they cannot do specific functions in the body
  • They have the potential to become specialized cells, such as muscle cells, blood cells, and brain cells

Doctors and scientists are excited about stem cells because they could help in many different areas of health and medical research. Studying stem cells may help explain how serious conditions such as birth defects and cancer come about. Stem cells may one day be used to make cells and tissues for therapy of many diseases. Examples include Parkinson's disease, Alzheimer's disease, spinal cord injury, heart disease, diabetes, and arthritis.

NIH: National Institutes of Health

Inverse of RQ

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C0162371

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C1504389

Inverse of SIB

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C0181075

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C0024128

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C0022671

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C0079646

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C0030275

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C0018823

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C0029216

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C0023911

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C1456637

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C0005961

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C1318453

Mapped from

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C0038250

Mapped to

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C0018956

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C0038250

MP HEALTH TOPIC URL

https://medlineplus.gov/stemcells.html

MP OTHER LANGUAGE URL

Spanish https://medlineplus.gov/spanish/stemcells.html

MP PRIMARY INSTITUTE URL

NIH Office of the Director https://www.nih.gov/institutes-nih/nih-office-director

notation

C0038250

prefLabel

Stem Cells

Related to

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C1456637

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C0005961

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C1318453

Scope Statement

There are two main types of stem cells: embryonic stem cells and adult stem cells. Read about three ways stem cells differ from other cells in the body

tui

T025

subClassOf

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C2362505

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