MedlinePlus Health Topics

Last uploaded: August 27, 2019
Preferred Name

OCD

Synonyms

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder

Definitions

<p>Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a type of <a href='https://medlineplus.gov/anxiety.html'>anxiety disorder</a>. If you have OCD, you have frequent, upsetting thoughts called obsessions. To try to control the thoughts, you feel an overwhelming urge to repeat certain rituals or behaviors. These are called compulsions.</p> <p>Examples of obsessions are a fear of germs or a fear of being hurt. Compulsions include washing your hands, counting, checking on things, or cleaning. With OCD, the thoughts and rituals cause distress and get in the way of your daily life.</p> <p>Researchers think brain circuits may not work properly in people who have OCD. It tends to run in families. The symptoms often begin in children or teens. Treatments include therapy, medicines, or both. One type of therapy, cognitive behavioral therapy, is useful for treating OCD.</p> <p >NIH: National Institute of Mental Health </p>

ID

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C0028768

altLabel

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder

cui

C0028768

Date created

01/10/2000

definition

Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a type of anxiety disorder. If you have OCD, you have frequent, upsetting thoughts called obsessions. To try to control the thoughts, you feel an overwhelming urge to repeat certain rituals or behaviors. These are called compulsions.

Examples of obsessions are a fear of germs or a fear of being hurt. Compulsions include washing your hands, counting, checking on things, or cleaning. With OCD, the thoughts and rituals cause distress and get in the way of your daily life.

Researchers think brain circuits may not work properly in people who have OCD. It tends to run in families. The symptoms often begin in children or teens. Treatments include therapy, medicines, or both. One type of therapy, cognitive behavioral therapy, is useful for treating OCD.

NIH: National Institute of Mental Health

Inverse of RQ

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C0424337

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C0028768

Inverse of SIB

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C0011570

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C1456639

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C0497327

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C1510586

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C1263846

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C0206308

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C0031212

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C0030662

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C0038661

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C1456715

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C0005586

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C0038435

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C1456652

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C0025353

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C0003289

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C0008066

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C0036341

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C0038436

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C0085159

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C0221074

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C0424366

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C0751265

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C0013473

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C0004936

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C2362515

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C4735566

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C1456644

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C0030319

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C0003467

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C1270972

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C0011206

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C1456718

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C0032897

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C0525045

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C0025260

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C0005119

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C0349231

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C0033975

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C0008073

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C0002395

Inverse of SY

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C0028768

Mapped from

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C0028768

Mapped to

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C0028768

MP HEALTH TOPIC URL

https://medlineplus.gov/obsessivecompulsivedisorder.html

MP OTHER LANGUAGE URL

Somali https://medlineplus.gov/languages/obsessivecompulsivedisorder.html#Somali

Spanish https://medlineplus.gov/spanish/obsessivecompulsivedisorder.html

Russian https://medlineplus.gov/languages/obsessivecompulsivedisorder.html#Russian

Spanish https://medlineplus.gov/languages/obsessivecompulsivedisorder.html#Spanish

MP PRIMARY INSTITUTE URL

National Institute of Mental Health http://www.nimh.nih.gov/

notation

C0028768

prefLabel

OCD

Related to

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C0031212

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C0004936

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C0003467

Scope Statement

People with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) suffer from frequent, upsetting thoughts called obsessions. Read about the treatments available.

tui

T048

subClassOf

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C1832070

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