MedlinePlus Health Topics

Last uploaded: November 18, 2019
Preferred Name

Valvular Heart Diseases

Synonyms

Valvular heart disease

Definitions

<p>Your heart has four valves. Normally, these valves open to let blood flow through or out of your heart, and then shut to keep it from flowing backward. But sometimes they don't work properly. If they don't, you could have</p> <ul> <li>Regurgitation - when blood leaks back through the valve in the wrong direction</li> <li><a href='https://medlineplus.gov/mitralvalveprolapse.html'>Mitral valve prolapse</a> - when one of the valves, the mitral valve, has "floppy" flaps and doesn't close tightly. It's one of the most common heart valve conditions. Sometimes it causes regurgitation.</li> <li>Stenosis - when the valve doesn't open enough and blocks blood flow</li> </ul> <p>Valve problems can be present at birth or caused by infections, heart attacks, or heart disease or damage. The main sign of heart valve disease is an unusual heartbeat sound called a heart murmur. Your doctor can hear a heart murmur with a stethoscope. But many people have heart murmurs without having a problem. Heart tests can show if you have a heart valve disease. Some valve problems are minor and do not need treatment. Others might require medicine, medical procedures, or surgery to repair or replace the valve.</p> <p >NIH: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute</p>

ID

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C0018824

altLabel

Valvular heart disease

Heart Valve Diseases

cui

C0018824

Date created

08/20/1999

definition

Your heart has four valves. Normally, these valves open to let blood flow through or out of your heart, and then shut to keep it from flowing backward. But sometimes they don't work properly. If they don't, you could have

  • Regurgitation - when blood leaks back through the valve in the wrong direction
  • Mitral valve prolapse - when one of the valves, the mitral valve, has "floppy" flaps and doesn't close tightly. It's one of the most common heart valve conditions. Sometimes it causes regurgitation.
  • Stenosis - when the valve doesn't open enough and blocks blood flow

Valve problems can be present at birth or caused by infections, heart attacks, or heart disease or damage. The main sign of heart valve disease is an unusual heartbeat sound called a heart murmur. Your doctor can hear a heart murmur with a stethoscope. But many people have heart murmurs without having a problem. Heart tests can show if you have a heart valve disease. Some valve problems are minor and do not need treatment. Others might require medicine, medical procedures, or surgery to repair or replace the valve.

NIH: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

Inverse of RQ

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Inverse of SIB

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Inverse of SY

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C0018824

Mapped from

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C0018824

Mapped to

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C0018824

MP HEALTH TOPIC URL

https://medlineplus.gov/heartvalvediseases.html

MP OTHER LANGUAGE URL

Spanish https://medlineplus.gov/spanish/heartvalvediseases.html

MP PRIMARY INSTITUTE URL

National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/

notation

C0018824

prefLabel

Valvular Heart Diseases

Related to

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C0700431

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C4529960

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C2362528

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C0026267

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C0018821

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C0018799

Scope Statement

Heart valves make sure blood flows in then out of your heart. If they don't work properly and heart valve disease occurs. Learn more.

tui

T047

subClassOf

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C2362499

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