MedlinePlus Health Topics

Last uploaded: April 29, 2019
Preferred Name

Heart Defects

Synonyms

Congenital Heart Defects

Definitions

<p>A congenital heart defect is a problem with the structure of the heart. It is present at birth. Congenital heart defects are the most common type of birth defect. The defects can involve the walls of the heart, the valves of the heart, and the arteries and veins near the heart. They can disrupt the normal flow of blood through the heart. The blood flow can slow down, go in the wrong direction or to the wrong place, or be blocked completely.</p> <p>Doctors use a physical exam and special heart tests to diagnose congenital heart defects. They often find severe defects during pregnancy or soon after birth. Signs and symptoms of severe defects in newborns include</p> <ul> <li>Rapid breathing</li> <li>Cyanosis - a bluish tint to the skin, lips, and fingernails</li> <li>Fatigue</li> <li>Poor blood circulation</li> </ul> <p>Many congenital heart defects cause few or no signs and symptoms. They are often not diagnosed until children are older.</p> <p>Many children with congenital heart defects don't need treatment, but others do. Treatment can include medicines, catheter procedures, surgery, and heart transplants. The treatment depends on the type of the defect, how severe it is, and a child's age, size, and general health.</p> <p >NIH: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute</p>

ID

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C0018798

altLabel

Congenital Heart Defects

cui

C0018798

Date created

06/21/1999

definition

A congenital heart defect is a problem with the structure of the heart. It is present at birth. Congenital heart defects are the most common type of birth defect. The defects can involve the walls of the heart, the valves of the heart, and the arteries and veins near the heart. They can disrupt the normal flow of blood through the heart. The blood flow can slow down, go in the wrong direction or to the wrong place, or be blocked completely.

Doctors use a physical exam and special heart tests to diagnose congenital heart defects. They often find severe defects during pregnancy or soon after birth. Signs and symptoms of severe defects in newborns include

  • Rapid breathing
  • Cyanosis - a bluish tint to the skin, lips, and fingernails
  • Fatigue
  • Poor blood circulation

Many congenital heart defects cause few or no signs and symptoms. They are often not diagnosed until children are older.

Many children with congenital heart defects don't need treatment, but others do. Treatment can include medicines, catheter procedures, surgery, and heart transplants. The treatment depends on the type of the defect, how severe it is, and a child's age, size, and general health.

NIH: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

Inverse of RQ

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Mapped from

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C0018798

Mapped to

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MP HEALTH TOPIC URL

https://medlineplus.gov/congenitalheartdefects.html

MP OTHER LANGUAGE URL

Spanish https://medlineplus.gov/spanish/congenitalheartdefects.html

MP PRIMARY INSTITUTE URL

National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/

notation

C0018798

prefLabel

Heart Defects

Related to

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tui

T019

subClassOf

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