MedlinePlus Health Topics

Last uploaded: August 27, 2019
Preferred Name

Little person

Synonyms

Dwarfism

Definitions

<p>People with dwarfism have short stature. This means that their height is under 4' 10" as an adult. They are usually of normal intelligence. Dwarfism most often does happen in families where both parents are of average height.</p> <p>More than 300 different conditions can cause dwarfism. Achondroplasia is the most common type of dwarfism. Achondroplasia is a genetic condition that affects about 1 in 15,000 to 1 in 40,000 people. It makes your arms and legs short in comparison to your head and trunk. You may also have a larger head and weak muscle tone. Other genetic conditions, kidney disease, and problems with metabolism or hormones can also cause dwarfism.</p> <p>The conditions that cause dwarfism can also cause other health problems. Most of them are treatable. It is important to have regular checkups throughout your life. With proper medical care, most people with dwarfism have active lives and live as long as other people.</p>

ID

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C0013336

altLabel

Dwarfism

cui

C0013336

Date created

09/14/2000

definition

People with dwarfism have short stature. This means that their height is under 4' 10" as an adult. They are usually of normal intelligence. Dwarfism most often does happen in families where both parents are of average height.

More than 300 different conditions can cause dwarfism. Achondroplasia is the most common type of dwarfism. Achondroplasia is a genetic condition that affects about 1 in 15,000 to 1 in 40,000 people. It makes your arms and legs short in comparison to your head and trunk. You may also have a larger head and weak muscle tone. Other genetic conditions, kidney disease, and problems with metabolism or hormones can also cause dwarfism.

The conditions that cause dwarfism can also cause other health problems. Most of them are treatable. It is important to have regular checkups throughout your life. With proper medical care, most people with dwarfism have active lives and live as long as other people.

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Inverse of SY

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C0013336

Mapped from

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C0013336

Mapped to

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C0013336

MP HEALTH TOPIC URL

https://medlineplus.gov/dwarfism.html

MP OTHER LANGUAGE URL

Spanish https://medlineplus.gov/spanish/dwarfism.html

MP PRIMARY INSTITUTE URL

Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development https://www.nichd.nih.gov/Pages/index.aspx

notation

C0013336

prefLabel

Little person

Related to

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C0019247

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C0018273

Scope Statement

A dwarf is a person of short stature - under 4' 10" as an adult. Many conditions can cause dwarfism but Achondroplasia causes about 70 percent.

tui

T019

subClassOf

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C1456603

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C0014136

http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MEDLINEPLUS/C1456595

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Delete Mapping To Ontology Source
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