Preferred Name

Class

Synonyms

ID

http://bioontology.org/projects/ontologies/birnlex#birnlex_7089

abbrev

class_or_indiv

false

definition

A class is the rank in the scientific classification of organisms in biology below Phylum and above Order. For example, Mammalia is the class used in the classification of dogs, whose phylum is Chordata (animals with notochords) and order is Carnivora (mammals that eat meat). The class as a distinct rank of biological classification having its own distinctive name (and not just called a higher genus (genus summum)) was first introduced by a French botanist Joseph Pitton de Tournefort in his classification of plants (appeared in his 1694 El?ments de botanique). Carolus Linnaeus was the first to apply it consistently to the division of all three kingdoms of Nature (minerals, plants, and animals) in his Systema Naturae (1735, 1st. Ed.). Since then class had been considered the highest level of the taxonomic hierarchy until the embranchements, now called phyla, and divisions were introduced in the nineteenth century.

external_id_urls

external_ids

label

Class

mod_date

2007-06-03

preferred_label

Class

prefixIRI

birnlex_7089

retired

false

synonyms

subClassOf

http://bioontology.org/projects/ontologies/birnlex#birnlex_591

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